Background: High throughput methods, in biological and biomedical fields, acquire a large number of molecular parameters or omics data by a single experiment. Combining these omics data can significantly increase the capability for recovering fine-tuned structures or reducing the effects of experimental and biological noise in data. Results: In this work we propose a multi-view integration methodology (named FH-Clust) for identifying patient subgroups from different omics information (e.g., Gene Expression, Mirna Expression, Methylation). In particular, hierarchical structures of patient data are obtained in each omic (or view) and finally their topologies are merged by consensus matrix. One of the main aspects of this methodology, is the use of a measure of dissimilarity between sets of observations, by using an appropriate metric. For each view, a dendrogram is obtained by using a hierarchical clustering based on a fuzzy equivalence relation with Łukasiewicz valued fuzzy similarity. Finally, a consensus matrix, that is a representative information of all dendrograms, is formed by combining multiple hierarchical agglomerations by an approach based on transitive consensus matrix construction. Several experiments and comparisons are made on real data (e.g., Glioblastoma, Prostate Cancer) to assess the proposed approach. Conclusions: Fuzzy logic allows us to introduce more flexible data agglomeration techniques. From the analysis of scientific literature, it appears to be the first time that a model based on fuzzy logic is used for the agglomeration of multi-omic data. The results suggest that FH-Clust provides better prognostic value and clinical significance compared to the analysis of single-omic data alone and it is very competitive with respect to other techniques from literature.

Data integration by fuzzy similarity-based hierarchical clustering

Ciaramella A.;Staiano A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: High throughput methods, in biological and biomedical fields, acquire a large number of molecular parameters or omics data by a single experiment. Combining these omics data can significantly increase the capability for recovering fine-tuned structures or reducing the effects of experimental and biological noise in data. Results: In this work we propose a multi-view integration methodology (named FH-Clust) for identifying patient subgroups from different omics information (e.g., Gene Expression, Mirna Expression, Methylation). In particular, hierarchical structures of patient data are obtained in each omic (or view) and finally their topologies are merged by consensus matrix. One of the main aspects of this methodology, is the use of a measure of dissimilarity between sets of observations, by using an appropriate metric. For each view, a dendrogram is obtained by using a hierarchical clustering based on a fuzzy equivalence relation with Łukasiewicz valued fuzzy similarity. Finally, a consensus matrix, that is a representative information of all dendrograms, is formed by combining multiple hierarchical agglomerations by an approach based on transitive consensus matrix construction. Several experiments and comparisons are made on real data (e.g., Glioblastoma, Prostate Cancer) to assess the proposed approach. Conclusions: Fuzzy logic allows us to introduce more flexible data agglomeration techniques. From the analysis of scientific literature, it appears to be the first time that a model based on fuzzy logic is used for the agglomeration of multi-omic data. The results suggest that FH-Clust provides better prognostic value and clinical significance compared to the analysis of single-omic data alone and it is very competitive with respect to other techniques from literature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/87253
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