The Sele river plain is located along the western Tyrrhenian margin of the south- ern Apennine Chain and is defined seawards by a straight sandy coast formed during the Last Interglacial (Tyrrhenian stage, OIS 5e) and the Holocene. It is character- ized by the presence of beach-dune ridges which to the rear interfinger with lagoonal and fluvio-palustrine deposits. This belt was accreted progressively and represents the evolution of a barrier-lagoon system shifted alternatively landward and seaward. In this work, we summarize the main results relative to the Holocene evolution of the Sele river coastal plain along the coast in front of the archaeological area of Poseidonia-Paestum, where the knowledge has been improved by two new cores and by many collected archaeo-tephro-stratigraphical data. The area was affected by the Holocene marine transgression that formed cliffs that cut the travertine de- posits. During the second part of the Holocene the shoreline shifted seaward and a lagoonal-beach bar system (Fossa Lupata) formed. The archaeological remains of Poseidonia (VI cent. B.C.) and the Agnano Monte Spina tephra layer (4.1 ky BP) confirm the presence of this morpho-sedimentary system during this time interval. After this period, and mostly after the deposition of the A.D. 79 tephra, the shore- line shifted seaward and an additional beach ridge was formed, while the flat area of Fossa Lupata, was rapidly aggraded and dried up.

Holocene Palaeo-Geographical Evolution of the Sele River Alluvial-Coastal Plain: New Morpho- Sedimentary Data from Poseidonia-Paestum Area

AUCELLI, Pietro Patrizio Ciro;PAPPONE, Gerardo;
2011

Abstract

The Sele river plain is located along the western Tyrrhenian margin of the south- ern Apennine Chain and is defined seawards by a straight sandy coast formed during the Last Interglacial (Tyrrhenian stage, OIS 5e) and the Holocene. It is character- ized by the presence of beach-dune ridges which to the rear interfinger with lagoonal and fluvio-palustrine deposits. This belt was accreted progressively and represents the evolution of a barrier-lagoon system shifted alternatively landward and seaward. In this work, we summarize the main results relative to the Holocene evolution of the Sele river coastal plain along the coast in front of the archaeological area of Poseidonia-Paestum, where the knowledge has been improved by two new cores and by many collected archaeo-tephro-stratigraphical data. The area was affected by the Holocene marine transgression that formed cliffs that cut the travertine de- posits. During the second part of the Holocene the shoreline shifted seaward and a lagoonal-beach bar system (Fossa Lupata) formed. The archaeological remains of Poseidonia (VI cent. B.C.) and the Agnano Monte Spina tephra layer (4.1 ky BP) confirm the presence of this morpho-sedimentary system during this time interval. After this period, and mostly after the deposition of the A.D. 79 tephra, the shore- line shifted seaward and an additional beach ridge was formed, while the flat area of Fossa Lupata, was rapidly aggraded and dried up.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/3612
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact