Phenylketonuria (PKU), if not detected and treated in newborns, causes severe neurological dysfunction and cognitive and behavioral deficiencies. Despite the biochemical characterization of PKU, the molecular mechanisms underlying PKU-associated brain dysfunction remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to gain insights into the pathogenesis of this neurological damage by analyzing protein expression profiles in brain tissue of BTBR-PahEnu2 mice (a mouse model of PKU). We compared the cerebral protein expression of homozygous PKU mice with that of their heterozygous counterparts using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis analysis, and identified 21 differentially expressed proteins, 4 of which were overexpressed and 17 underexpressed. An in silico bioinformatic approach indicated that protein underexpression was related to neuronal differentiation and dendritic growth, and to such neurological disorders as progressive motor neuropathy and movement disorder. Moreover, functional annotation analyses showed that some identified proteins were involved in oxidative metabolism. To further investigate the proteins involved in the neurological damage, we validated two of the proteins that were most strikingly underexpressed, namely, Syn2 and Dpys12, which are involved in synaptic function and neurotransmission. We found that Glu2/3 and NR1 receptor subunits were overexpressed in PKU mouse brain. Our results indicate that differential expression of these proteins may be associated with the processes underlying PKU brain dysfunction, namely, decreased synaptic plasticity and impaired neurotransmission.

Altered brain protein expression profiles are associated with molecular neurological dysfunction in the PKU mouse model

;;
2014

Abstract

Phenylketonuria (PKU), if not detected and treated in newborns, causes severe neurological dysfunction and cognitive and behavioral deficiencies. Despite the biochemical characterization of PKU, the molecular mechanisms underlying PKU-associated brain dysfunction remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to gain insights into the pathogenesis of this neurological damage by analyzing protein expression profiles in brain tissue of BTBR-PahEnu2 mice (a mouse model of PKU). We compared the cerebral protein expression of homozygous PKU mice with that of their heterozygous counterparts using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis analysis, and identified 21 differentially expressed proteins, 4 of which were overexpressed and 17 underexpressed. An in silico bioinformatic approach indicated that protein underexpression was related to neuronal differentiation and dendritic growth, and to such neurological disorders as progressive motor neuropathy and movement disorder. Moreover, functional annotation analyses showed that some identified proteins were involved in oxidative metabolism. To further investigate the proteins involved in the neurological damage, we validated two of the proteins that were most strikingly underexpressed, namely, Syn2 and Dpys12, which are involved in synaptic function and neurotransmission. We found that Glu2/3 and NR1 receptor subunits were overexpressed in PKU mouse brain. Our results indicate that differential expression of these proteins may be associated with the processes underlying PKU brain dysfunction, namely, decreased synaptic plasticity and impaired neurotransmission.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
040-JNeurochem2014_accepted manuscript.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: Articolo scientifico
Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 836.22 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
836.22 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/23292
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact