The relationship between business and territory has the peculiarity of being analyzed from many different points of view. For this reason, it plays an important role in the economic and management studies, both nationally and internationally. In the present work, the territory is con-sidered in its extended meaning and refers to the idea of milieu, i.e. a set of natural, socio-cultural and productive items that constitute its identity. The concept of enterprise, however, considers the reality of the industrial district, i.e. a system whose existence is based on the close relationship that develops between economic and productive activity of district enterprises and territory. In the paper, the relationship enterprise-territory is considered both from the point of view of knowledge management, that is the study of the management of existing knowledge within the industrial di-strict, which allow the growth and evolution of the entire context of reference; both in the basis of the existing power relations in the district supply chain. The study aims to analyze the operation of the oil districts and the dynamics of clusters, with particular attention to the specific knowledge of the industry. The empirical analysis has taken into account the DI.ME., the Southern Energy Di-strict of Eni, whose main activity is the production of oil and gas and that has its headquarters in the country of Viggiano, in the Val d’Agri, in the heart of Basilicata region.
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