Structured Abstract In the last few years, managerial and organizational disciplines have increasingly focused on knowledge management studies. KM is an innovative tool for both the managerial and organizational management change, that are linked to the environmental and markets growths (Polanyi M.,1967, Spender J. C., 1996). The knowledge transfer has an important role in industrial chain. It puts, those who belong, in a position to actively participate in the production process; also creates a situation of equality and fairness, concerning the stock of knowledge held by individual firms, which gives companies the qualities required to work. However, not all supply chains are based on sharing mechanisms and, not always, companies operating there have equal roles, in terms of hierarchy (Marshall A.,1879, 1890, 1927). Often, industrial districts are created to exploit same resource of the area, but are characterized by being structured in a non-traditional form (compared to the Marshall District), but asymmetric, in terms of power relationships that are created inside. The case of the Val d'Agri is just a case of Hub-and-spoke District (Markusen A., 1996). In this kind of district, business structure is dominated, inside, by one or several large companies, vertically integrated firms, surrounded by the suppliers; there are substantial intra-district trade among dominant firms and suppliers, governed by long-term contracts and commitments (Markusen A., 1996). The study refers to the district's most important oil Italy, that of Basilicata, born in the Val d'Agri in the late eighties (ENI, 2011). The discovery of the Val d'Agri oil field, which extends south of Potenza and is the largest on land of the Old Continent (provides over 85% of Italian production), was made by ENI in 1988. Today, Basilicata is one of the most important petroleum poles of Europe, according to data from the Office of the Mining Ministry of Economic Development (Umnig), the production of 2009 was almost 59,000 barrels/day, in 2010 have been extracted 919,218,496 standard cubic meters (smc) of natural gas and 2,843,935,610 kg of crude oil, the latter almost completely extracted by Eni in the Val d'Agri (with a peak that was recorded in 2005 with more than 94,000 b/g) and with significant untapped reserves in the ground that will determine, in an economic activity for at least the next 30-40 years. Around the Val d'Agri oil orbit about 80 companies (of which 24 local), the most important sectors of mining, hydrocarbons and services, employing over 200 workers (one hundred Lucanian), amounting to about 1500 with the induced (Confindustria, 2010). Numbers varying according to the growing activities and the field development. Purpose - We intend to analyze the workings of oil districts and cluster dynamics, focusing on sector specific knowledge. We want to understand the relationships between companies in the cluster on how they transfer and share knowledge. Design/methodology/approach – We propose an empirical approach. This work will start providing an analysis of the main characteristics of the cultural and relational environment of knowledge management, in order to identify the main issues that can impact the development process of knowledge transfer. The study consists of two parts, equally important: first, an analysis of the main national and international literature on the field (knowledge management, industrial districts, oilfield environment) both in an economic than in a managerial perspective; then an empirical analysis ad hoc regarding the role that knowledge transfer and sharing assume in vertical relationship which are characteristic of Hub-and-Spoke District. Originality/value – This methodology puts in evidence ???? Practical implications – The outcomes of the application puts in evidence the peculiarity of an oil district, because the birth of this form of district is closely related to land resources. In addition, national laws and regulations that govern the exploitation of oil in Italy, create positions of power within the production chain, which alter the relationship between the companies, compared to what happens in the traditional type of Marshallian districts.

Knowledge transfer in vertical relatioship. the case study of val d'agri oil district

TESTA, GIOVANNA
2012

Abstract

Structured Abstract In the last few years, managerial and organizational disciplines have increasingly focused on knowledge management studies. KM is an innovative tool for both the managerial and organizational management change, that are linked to the environmental and markets growths (Polanyi M.,1967, Spender J. C., 1996). The knowledge transfer has an important role in industrial chain. It puts, those who belong, in a position to actively participate in the production process; also creates a situation of equality and fairness, concerning the stock of knowledge held by individual firms, which gives companies the qualities required to work. However, not all supply chains are based on sharing mechanisms and, not always, companies operating there have equal roles, in terms of hierarchy (Marshall A.,1879, 1890, 1927). Often, industrial districts are created to exploit same resource of the area, but are characterized by being structured in a non-traditional form (compared to the Marshall District), but asymmetric, in terms of power relationships that are created inside. The case of the Val d'Agri is just a case of Hub-and-spoke District (Markusen A., 1996). In this kind of district, business structure is dominated, inside, by one or several large companies, vertically integrated firms, surrounded by the suppliers; there are substantial intra-district trade among dominant firms and suppliers, governed by long-term contracts and commitments (Markusen A., 1996). The study refers to the district's most important oil Italy, that of Basilicata, born in the Val d'Agri in the late eighties (ENI, 2011). The discovery of the Val d'Agri oil field, which extends south of Potenza and is the largest on land of the Old Continent (provides over 85% of Italian production), was made by ENI in 1988. Today, Basilicata is one of the most important petroleum poles of Europe, according to data from the Office of the Mining Ministry of Economic Development (Umnig), the production of 2009 was almost 59,000 barrels/day, in 2010 have been extracted 919,218,496 standard cubic meters (smc) of natural gas and 2,843,935,610 kg of crude oil, the latter almost completely extracted by Eni in the Val d'Agri (with a peak that was recorded in 2005 with more than 94,000 b/g) and with significant untapped reserves in the ground that will determine, in an economic activity for at least the next 30-40 years. Around the Val d'Agri oil orbit about 80 companies (of which 24 local), the most important sectors of mining, hydrocarbons and services, employing over 200 workers (one hundred Lucanian), amounting to about 1500 with the induced (Confindustria, 2010). Numbers varying according to the growing activities and the field development. Purpose - We intend to analyze the workings of oil districts and cluster dynamics, focusing on sector specific knowledge. We want to understand the relationships between companies in the cluster on how they transfer and share knowledge. Design/methodology/approach – We propose an empirical approach. This work will start providing an analysis of the main characteristics of the cultural and relational environment of knowledge management, in order to identify the main issues that can impact the development process of knowledge transfer. The study consists of two parts, equally important: first, an analysis of the main national and international literature on the field (knowledge management, industrial districts, oilfield environment) both in an economic than in a managerial perspective; then an empirical analysis ad hoc regarding the role that knowledge transfer and sharing assume in vertical relationship which are characteristic of Hub-and-Spoke District. Originality/value – This methodology puts in evidence ???? Practical implications – The outcomes of the application puts in evidence the peculiarity of an oil district, because the birth of this form of district is closely related to land resources. In addition, national laws and regulations that govern the exploitation of oil in Italy, create positions of power within the production chain, which alter the relationship between the companies, compared to what happens in the traditional type of Marshallian districts.
978-88-96687-08-6
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/18996
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