Procida Island, located in the Gulf of Naples (southern Italy), is characterized by steep cliffed coasts, articulated in a succession of headlands and small embayments with narrow pocket beaches, such as Ciraccio and Chiaia, often characterized by instability. In this study, a methodology for coastal cliff susceptibility assessment has been conceived based on hydraulic and geomorphological characteristics, which supported the construction of a Cliff Stability Index (CSI). The geomorphological characteristics are related to the whole cliff face, the cliff material resistance, and the cliff failure mechanisms. The hydraulic actions on the cliff are related to the wave impact which is exerted by the breaking waves once the wave run-up distance exceeds the beach width. The index takes into account the slope of the cliff, the rock strength, the wave energy at the cliff base produced by the broken wave and the presence of defence structures at the cliff base. The resulting index classification, obtained by addition of the partial sub-indices, has been compared with the observed coastal cliff evolution from 1954 to 2021.

An integrated approach for coastal cliff susceptibility: The case study of Procida Island (southern Italy)

Di Luccio Diana
;
Aucelli Pietro Patrizio Ciro;Di Paola Gianluigi;Budillon Giorgio;Florio Aniello;Benassai Guido
2023-01-01

Abstract

Procida Island, located in the Gulf of Naples (southern Italy), is characterized by steep cliffed coasts, articulated in a succession of headlands and small embayments with narrow pocket beaches, such as Ciraccio and Chiaia, often characterized by instability. In this study, a methodology for coastal cliff susceptibility assessment has been conceived based on hydraulic and geomorphological characteristics, which supported the construction of a Cliff Stability Index (CSI). The geomorphological characteristics are related to the whole cliff face, the cliff material resistance, and the cliff failure mechanisms. The hydraulic actions on the cliff are related to the wave impact which is exerted by the breaking waves once the wave run-up distance exceeds the beach width. The index takes into account the slope of the cliff, the rock strength, the wave energy at the cliff base produced by the broken wave and the presence of defence structures at the cliff base. The resulting index classification, obtained by addition of the partial sub-indices, has been compared with the observed coastal cliff evolution from 1954 to 2021.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/112716
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