Caves are one of the most conservative environments on Earth, where archaeological, anthropological,climatic and tectonic data can be well-preserved. Here, we present the results of a multidisciplinarymethod that allowed us to recognize, for thefirst time in this area, the interaction between Late Pleis-tocene to Anthropocene neotectonic and archaeological evolutionary stages of a cave of the Apennines(La Sassa cave), that encompass also its surroundings (Volsci Range and Pontina Plain). Both structuraland 3D survey highlighted a step-wise shape of the cave due to normal fault steps that allowed thelocalized formation of concretions also enveloping archaeological layers. Sixteen14C ages on fauna andhuman bonds and thousands of archaeologicalfinds provided chronological constraints of faulting in theLate Pleistocene and possibly also after the Middle Bronze Age. In the frame of a region that was notpreviously recognized as tectonically active, the structural evidence is relevant for understanding thespeleogenesis of the cave from the Late Pleistocene and its human occupation. Burial and ritual activitiesin the cave from the Copper Age to the Middle Bronze Age have been recognized with implications onpossible settlement pattern schemes with the La Sassa cave as a“persistent place”in the prehistorichuman landscape. The analyses of the ceramic style in a regional framework also suggests the presenceof a cultural boundary near La Sassa, which becomes highly osmotic just after the beginning of theMiddle Bronze Age. The La Sassafindings provide as well implications for the seismic hazard assessmentin a region inhabited by about 0.4 million people

Reconstructing the Late Pleistocene – Anthropocene interaction between the neotectonic and archaeological landscape evolution in the Apennines (La Sassa cave, Italy)

Baiocchi, V.;Del Pizzo, S.;Di Ciaccio, F.;Troisi, S.
2021

Abstract

Caves are one of the most conservative environments on Earth, where archaeological, anthropological,climatic and tectonic data can be well-preserved. Here, we present the results of a multidisciplinarymethod that allowed us to recognize, for thefirst time in this area, the interaction between Late Pleis-tocene to Anthropocene neotectonic and archaeological evolutionary stages of a cave of the Apennines(La Sassa cave), that encompass also its surroundings (Volsci Range and Pontina Plain). Both structuraland 3D survey highlighted a step-wise shape of the cave due to normal fault steps that allowed thelocalized formation of concretions also enveloping archaeological layers. Sixteen14C ages on fauna andhuman bonds and thousands of archaeologicalfinds provided chronological constraints of faulting in theLate Pleistocene and possibly also after the Middle Bronze Age. In the frame of a region that was notpreviously recognized as tectonically active, the structural evidence is relevant for understanding thespeleogenesis of the cave from the Late Pleistocene and its human occupation. Burial and ritual activitiesin the cave from the Copper Age to the Middle Bronze Age have been recognized with implications onpossible settlement pattern schemes with the La Sassa cave as a“persistent place”in the prehistorichuman landscape. The analyses of the ceramic style in a regional framework also suggests the presenceof a cultural boundary near La Sassa, which becomes highly osmotic just after the beginning of theMiddle Bronze Age. The La Sassafindings provide as well implications for the seismic hazard assessmentin a region inhabited by about 0.4 million people
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/96070
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