Recently, the interest on snowfall remote sensing and quantitative precipitation estimation is becoming a popular topic by both the scientific and operational communities. As a matter of fact, snow plays a key role in the hydrological cycle and Earth energy budget and clearly represents a meteorological hazard that can seriously compromise human activities and properties. In this study, we used a dual-polarization X-band weather radar to quantify the near-surface liquid equivalent snowfall rate, proposing a new parameterization based on the use of radar reflectivity factor and specific differential phase shift. This effort adds to several recent works, mainly focused on S-band weather radar systems, demonstrating that the use of the radar specific differential phase shift (Kdp) is able to enhance the estimation precision with respect to the more customary approaches making use of radar reflectivity factor alone. To demonstrate this concept also at X-band, some case studies were collected from December 2018 to May 2019 in the Southern Apennine Mountains in the area of Naples (Italy). They were used to compare the proposed radar based liquid equivalent snowfall rate estimations, based on Z and Kdp, with reference laser-optical disdrometer time series collected in the close reference site of Montevergine observatory. Findings show that also at X band the use of Kdp produces a better score between the radar-derived liquid equivalent snowfall rate and the reference one from the disdrometer.

Retrieval of snow precipitation rate from polarimetric X-band radar measurements in Southern Italy Apennine mountains

Capozzi V.;Budillon G.
2020

Abstract

Recently, the interest on snowfall remote sensing and quantitative precipitation estimation is becoming a popular topic by both the scientific and operational communities. As a matter of fact, snow plays a key role in the hydrological cycle and Earth energy budget and clearly represents a meteorological hazard that can seriously compromise human activities and properties. In this study, we used a dual-polarization X-band weather radar to quantify the near-surface liquid equivalent snowfall rate, proposing a new parameterization based on the use of radar reflectivity factor and specific differential phase shift. This effort adds to several recent works, mainly focused on S-band weather radar systems, demonstrating that the use of the radar specific differential phase shift (Kdp) is able to enhance the estimation precision with respect to the more customary approaches making use of radar reflectivity factor alone. To demonstrate this concept also at X-band, some case studies were collected from December 2018 to May 2019 in the Southern Apennine Mountains in the area of Naples (Italy). They were used to compare the proposed radar based liquid equivalent snowfall rate estimations, based on Z and Kdp, with reference laser-optical disdrometer time series collected in the close reference site of Montevergine observatory. Findings show that also at X band the use of Kdp produces a better score between the radar-derived liquid equivalent snowfall rate and the reference one from the disdrometer.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/91259
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact