Vermetidae worldwide distributed, occurring in the intertidal and upper subtidal in the rocky shores. In the Mediterranean basin, they occur in complex and tridimensional structures that enhance the local biodiversity, allowing to qualify the structuring species as ecosystem engineers. Due to their ecological relevance and considerable extension along the coasts, we assessed their structural complexity using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology, as tool of littoral cartography analysis of these bioconstructions, and plaster hemispheres dissolution as a descriptor index of the water movement on them. We adopted an UAV to produce a very high spatial resolution map along 830m of rocky coast where these vermetid gastropods occur. Through an orthophoto with a GSD (Ground Sample Distance) of 1 cm, different complexity values of indentation degree (or roughness profiles) of the reef boundaries were detected, corroborating literature data carried out with traditional measurement techniques (e.g., tape measure). Our results indicate that the most complex zone of reef is the outer edge, facing the open sea, with a decreasing trend toward the inner edge. Concerning the experimental approach conducted using plaster hemispheres placed along the platform, it reveals that water movement is a structuring factor of the vermetid reef complexity along the rocky coast. Overall, the application of UAV technique allows an appropriate approach to analyze different zones of the vermetid reefs with a high-accuracy on a large spatial scale, greatly reducing sampling effort, and generating important implications for future monitoring and conservation programs.

Unmanned aerial vehicle technology to assess the state of threatened biogenic formations: The vermetid reefs of mediterranean intertidal rocky coasts

Luigia Donnarumma
Conceptualization
;
Roberto Sandulli
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Giovanni Fulvio Russo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021

Abstract

Vermetidae worldwide distributed, occurring in the intertidal and upper subtidal in the rocky shores. In the Mediterranean basin, they occur in complex and tridimensional structures that enhance the local biodiversity, allowing to qualify the structuring species as ecosystem engineers. Due to their ecological relevance and considerable extension along the coasts, we assessed their structural complexity using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology, as tool of littoral cartography analysis of these bioconstructions, and plaster hemispheres dissolution as a descriptor index of the water movement on them. We adopted an UAV to produce a very high spatial resolution map along 830m of rocky coast where these vermetid gastropods occur. Through an orthophoto with a GSD (Ground Sample Distance) of 1 cm, different complexity values of indentation degree (or roughness profiles) of the reef boundaries were detected, corroborating literature data carried out with traditional measurement techniques (e.g., tape measure). Our results indicate that the most complex zone of reef is the outer edge, facing the open sea, with a decreasing trend toward the inner edge. Concerning the experimental approach conducted using plaster hemispheres placed along the platform, it reveals that water movement is a structuring factor of the vermetid reef complexity along the rocky coast. Overall, the application of UAV technique allows an appropriate approach to analyze different zones of the vermetid reefs with a high-accuracy on a large spatial scale, greatly reducing sampling effort, and generating important implications for future monitoring and conservation programs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/90520
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