Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ship detection is an important application in the context of environment and security monitoring. It allows monitoring traffic, fisheries, and associating ships with oil discharge over wide areas with high spatial res- olution almost independently from weather conditions and both day and night time. Since full-resolution SAR images are heavily affected by the presence of speckle, ship detection algorithms generally employ speckle reduced SAR images at the expense of a degradation of the spatial resolution. A new physical approach, which considers ships as dominant scatterers and, therefore, re- sponsible for a strong and coherent backscattered signal, is here proposed. Based on this rationale, a new simple and very effective filtering technique, which is able to process full-resolution SAR images, has been conceived and implemented. Experiments, ac- complished over C-band European Remote Sensing satellite (ERS) 1/2 single-look complex SAR images, show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

A Physical Full-Resolution SAR Ship Detection Filter

NUNZIATA, FERDINANDO;MIGLIACCIO, Maurizio
2008

Abstract

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ship detection is an important application in the context of environment and security monitoring. It allows monitoring traffic, fisheries, and associating ships with oil discharge over wide areas with high spatial res- olution almost independently from weather conditions and both day and night time. Since full-resolution SAR images are heavily affected by the presence of speckle, ship detection algorithms generally employ speckle reduced SAR images at the expense of a degradation of the spatial resolution. A new physical approach, which considers ships as dominant scatterers and, therefore, re- sponsible for a strong and coherent backscattered signal, is here proposed. Based on this rationale, a new simple and very effective filtering technique, which is able to process full-resolution SAR images, has been conceived and implemented. Experiments, ac- complished over C-band European Remote Sensing satellite (ERS) 1/2 single-look complex SAR images, show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/745
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