Nowadays, the excessive industrialization, increased use of fossil fuels, elevated levels of vehicular emissions are causing high level of air pollution reaching epidemic levels. The effects of “smog” or in other words of air pollution can be very dangerous for humans, and plants. In fact, air pollution can be linked to many health-related issues, as it is one of the leading causes of pulmonary, respiratory and skin diseases across the globe. In this context, Pakistan being an underdeveloped country, faces the hazardous impacts of smog on health, environment, transportation and educational sectors. The aim of the present research was to establish a correlation between smog/air pollution (the independent variable) and different dependent variables. The final goal was to define different precautionary measures and find their practicality and selection. Fuzzy VIKOR, a multi-criteria decision-making tool, was proposed in this research. It was applied to select an optimal alternative based on closeness to positive-ideal solution and deviation from the negative-ideal solution. Through this research, an environmental-friendly and health-promoting policy can be reach. This research will also help government in making future policies regarding environmental and industrial pollution. A case study settled in Pakistan was used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy model.
|Titolo:||A VIKOR based approach for assessing the social, environmental and economic effects of “smog” on human health|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|