We study the positive principal eigenvalue of a weighted problem associated with the Neumann spectral fractional Laplacian. This analysis is related to the investigation of the survival threshold in population dynamics. Our main result concerns the optimization of such threshold with respect to the fractional order (Formula presented.), the case (Formula presented.) corresponding to the standard Neumann Laplacian: when the habitat is not too fragmented, the principal positive eigenvalue can not have local minima for (Formula presented.). As a consequence, the best strategy for survival is either following the diffusion with (Formula presented.) (i.e. Brownian diffusion), or with the lowest possible s (i.e. diffusion allowing long jumps), depending on the size of the domain. In addition, we show that analogous results hold for the standard fractional Laplacian in (Formula presented.), in periodic environments.
|Titolo:||Best dispersal strategies in spatially heterogeneous environments: optimization of the principal eigenvalue for indefinite fractional Neumann problems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|