Data concerning patients undergoing antibiotic treatment for upper (URTI) or lower (LRTI) respiratory tract infections were collected from 23 General Practitioners (GPs) in the Campania Region of Italy from November 15, 1997 to March 15, 1998. The objectives of the study were: a) to assess the occurrence of URTIs and LRTIs; b) to document the factors that influence GPs' choice of therapy; c) to correlate antibiotic choice with duration and outcome of treatment; d) to assess the incidence of unwanted effects. 2198 questionnaires were collected. Patients were +/-43.9 of age. URTIs were diagnosed in 65.4% and 34.6% LRTIs. The mean duration of antibiotic treatment was 4.5 days in URTIs and 5.6 days in LRTIs. The choice of antibiotic treatment was influenced by clinical assessment of infections (67.1%). The most commonly used antibiotic categories in URTIs were macrolides (39.3%), penicillins (27.4%) and cephalosporins (23.8%) whereas for LRTIs mainly cephalosporins (63.8%), penicillins (9.2%) and fluoroquinolones (7.4%) were used. Adverse events were experienced by 3.9% of patients.

Antibiotic drug prescription in respiratory tract infections: a pharmacoepidemiological survey among general practitioners in a region of Italy

Mazzeo, F;Filippelli, W;
2000

Abstract

Data concerning patients undergoing antibiotic treatment for upper (URTI) or lower (LRTI) respiratory tract infections were collected from 23 General Practitioners (GPs) in the Campania Region of Italy from November 15, 1997 to March 15, 1998. The objectives of the study were: a) to assess the occurrence of URTIs and LRTIs; b) to document the factors that influence GPs' choice of therapy; c) to correlate antibiotic choice with duration and outcome of treatment; d) to assess the incidence of unwanted effects. 2198 questionnaires were collected. Patients were +/-43.9 of age. URTIs were diagnosed in 65.4% and 34.6% LRTIs. The mean duration of antibiotic treatment was 4.5 days in URTIs and 5.6 days in LRTIs. The choice of antibiotic treatment was influenced by clinical assessment of infections (67.1%). The most commonly used antibiotic categories in URTIs were macrolides (39.3%), penicillins (27.4%) and cephalosporins (23.8%) whereas for LRTIs mainly cephalosporins (63.8%), penicillins (9.2%) and fluoroquinolones (7.4%) were used. Adverse events were experienced by 3.9% of patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/622
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