BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery. Their body mass index was measured before and at the end of each treatment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 12 patients (7.8%) dropped out of the study. Significantly higher body mass index reductions were registered in both experimental groups (-14.2 and -9.4 kg/m2, respectively) compared with the treatment as usual group (-2.1 kg/m2; p < 0.01). Treated patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (total n = 94) showed better outcomes than those who underwent laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (total n = 45), while no differences were observed in untreated patients. This study demonstrates the role of pre-operative psychological assessment and post-operative psychotherapeutic support in improving weight loss among bariatric patients with borderline personality disorder. A randomized controlled trial is needed to confirm these preliminary findings.

Analyzing the Effects of Psychotherapy on Weight Loss after Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass or Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Prospective Study.

GALLE', Francesca;CIRELLA, ASSUNTA;DI ONOFRIO, Valeria;BELFIORE, PATRIZIA;LIGUORI, Giorgio
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery. Their body mass index was measured before and at the end of each treatment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 12 patients (7.8%) dropped out of the study. Significantly higher body mass index reductions were registered in both experimental groups (-14.2 and -9.4 kg/m2, respectively) compared with the treatment as usual group (-2.1 kg/m2; p < 0.01). Treated patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (total n = 94) showed better outcomes than those who underwent laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (total n = 45), while no differences were observed in untreated patients. This study demonstrates the role of pre-operative psychological assessment and post-operative psychotherapeutic support in improving weight loss among bariatric patients with borderline personality disorder. A randomized controlled trial is needed to confirm these preliminary findings.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/58892
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