The present work describes a procedure for the evaluation of the optimal number, position, configuration, and sizes of detention tanks in urban drainage networks, to decrease the maximum flow depths and velocities for an assigned return period and to comply with the local design requirements. Each candidate solution of the optimization problem is evaluated by means of a semidistributed hydrological model in which the kinematic wave is used as flood routing model, whereas the variational approach is used to evaluate the critical flow characteristics corresponding to a given return period. The procedure, which makes use of a genetic algorithm to search for the optimal solution among the candidates, is applied to a case study drainage network, considering superpipe-based detention tanks as detention systems. The results indicate that these tanks are effective in the rehabilitation of the drainage network and that the cost of this intervention is substantially lower than that corresponding to the upgrading of existing pipes.
|Titolo:||Optimal positioning and sizing of detention tanks within urban drainage networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|