The first part of the paper presents the results of two series of in situ pull-out tests of injected anchors embedded in existing yellow tuff masonry walls. Anchors are made of steel and GFRP bars with diameter of 12 and 20 mm and were embedded by means of two types of grout: a cement-based and a pozzolana-based grout. The results were examined in terms of both maximum load and displacement to determine the most efficient bar-grout coupling. The experimental pull-out forces are also compared with the predictions given by several literature formulas. The second part of the paper is devoted to verify the efficiency of the tested injected anchor systems for avoiding out-of-plane damage mechanisms in masonry walls having varying slenderness and subjected to horizontal forces; to this aim parametric analyses were performed to calculate the seismic acceleration required to activate several out-of-plane mechanisms and to verify the effectiveness of injected anchors similar to those experimentally tested into avoiding them.
|Titolo:||Assessment of performance of steel and GFRP bars as injected anchors in masonry walls|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|