We studied, in rat sensory neurons, the modulation of high voltage-activated Ca2+ currents (ICa) mediated by the pertussis toxin-sensitive activation of muscarinic receptors, which were found to be of subtypes M2 or M4. Muscarine reversibly blocked somatic Ca2+ spikes but strong predepolarizations only partially relieved the inhibited Ca2+ current. On the other hand, the putative coupling messenger could not rapidly diffuse towards channels whose activity was recorded from a macro-patch. The perforated patch technique virtually prevented the response rundown present during whole-cell experiments. Both omega-conotoxin GVIA (omega-CgTx)-sensitive channels and omega-CgTx- and dihydropyridine-resistant channels are coupled to the muscarinic receptor, but not the L-channel. When measured in the same neuron, dose-response relationships for the first and subsequent agonist applications differed; maximal inhibition, the reciprocal of half-maximal concentration and the Hill coefficient were always highest in the first trial. Muscarine and oxotremorine exhibited monotone dose-response curves, but oxotremorine-M showed non-linear relationships which became monotonic when cells were intracellularly perfused with inhibitors of protein kinase A (PKA) and C (PKC), suggesting that either PKA or receptor-induced PKC could phosphorylate and thus inactive G-proteins or other unknown proteins involved in inhibitory muscarinic actions on ICa. In summary, these data provide a preliminary pharmacological characterization of the muscarinic inhibition of the Ca2+ channels in sensory neurons, with implications about agonist specificity and the interplay between signalling pathways.
|Titolo:||Muscarinic regulation of Ca2+ currents in rat sensory neurons: channel and receptor types, dose-response relationships and cross-talk pathways|
|Autori interni:||GUATTEO, EZIA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|