This paper analyzes different control strategies for the thermal storage management in Solar Heating and Cooling systems (SHC) for different Italian climates. This novel thermal storage system consists in a variable volume storage tank system, which includes three separate tanks and a number of mixers and diverters. Such devices are managed through two different control strategies, based on combinations of series/parallel charging and discharging approaches. Thus, it is possible to vary the thermal storage capacity as a function of the combinations of solar radiation availability and user thermal/cooling energy demands. The system allows one to either increase or reduce the number of active tanks when the occurring mismatch between the solar energy supply and the user demand is either high or low, respectively. In addition, the surplus of solar energy is used through a heat exchanger included in the solar loop for the production of Domestic Hot Water (DHW). This novel variable-volume storage system, in all the proposed configurations, is also compared with a constant-volume storage system from the energetic and economic points of view. In addition, in order to determine the set of the synthesis/design variables which maximize the system profitability, a parametric analysis is implemented. A case study developed for an office building located in different Italian climatic areas is also presented. Simulation results show that the analyzed SHC systems system configurations may be profitable for all those cases and weather locations in which a sufficiently high solar fraction is achieved.

Variable-volume Storage Systems for Solar Heating and Cooling System: A Case Study for Different Italian Climates

VANOLI, Laura;
2014

Abstract

This paper analyzes different control strategies for the thermal storage management in Solar Heating and Cooling systems (SHC) for different Italian climates. This novel thermal storage system consists in a variable volume storage tank system, which includes three separate tanks and a number of mixers and diverters. Such devices are managed through two different control strategies, based on combinations of series/parallel charging and discharging approaches. Thus, it is possible to vary the thermal storage capacity as a function of the combinations of solar radiation availability and user thermal/cooling energy demands. The system allows one to either increase or reduce the number of active tanks when the occurring mismatch between the solar energy supply and the user demand is either high or low, respectively. In addition, the surplus of solar energy is used through a heat exchanger included in the solar loop for the production of Domestic Hot Water (DHW). This novel variable-volume storage system, in all the proposed configurations, is also compared with a constant-volume storage system from the energetic and economic points of view. In addition, in order to determine the set of the synthesis/design variables which maximize the system profitability, a parametric analysis is implemented. A case study developed for an office building located in different Italian climatic areas is also presented. Simulation results show that the analyzed SHC systems system configurations may be profitable for all those cases and weather locations in which a sufficiently high solar fraction is achieved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/48394
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