The influence of temperature and heating rate on the yield and properties of biochar derived from pyrolysis of solid olive mill waste (pomace) was investigated. Three pyrolysis temperatures (430 ± 10 °C, 480 ± 10 °C and 530 ± 10 °C) and 3 heating rates (25 °C min−1, 35 °C min−1 and 45 °C min−1) were studied. The biochar production was carried out using a vertical downdraft gasifier. Increasing the pyrolysis temperature, and/or the heating rate, the biochar yield lowered, the C content and biochar aromaticity increased and the surface functional groups were reduced. The highest biochar yield was obtained by low pyrolysis temperature (430 ± 10 °C) and low heating rate (25 °C min−1). This biochar is characterized by a high heating value (31 MJ/kg) that makes it a possible fuel candidate and, in the meantime, due to its high concentration in C (70.2%–84.1%), low electrical conductivity (0.28 dS m−1–0.47 dS m−1) and the lack of phytotoxicity it is suitable for amendment in agricultural soils and for long term carbon sequestration.

Production and characterization of biochar from three-phase olive mill waste through slow pyrolysis

HMID, Amine;DUMONTET, STEFANO;
2014-01-01

Abstract

The influence of temperature and heating rate on the yield and properties of biochar derived from pyrolysis of solid olive mill waste (pomace) was investigated. Three pyrolysis temperatures (430 ± 10 °C, 480 ± 10 °C and 530 ± 10 °C) and 3 heating rates (25 °C min−1, 35 °C min−1 and 45 °C min−1) were studied. The biochar production was carried out using a vertical downdraft gasifier. Increasing the pyrolysis temperature, and/or the heating rate, the biochar yield lowered, the C content and biochar aromaticity increased and the surface functional groups were reduced. The highest biochar yield was obtained by low pyrolysis temperature (430 ± 10 °C) and low heating rate (25 °C min−1). This biochar is characterized by a high heating value (31 MJ/kg) that makes it a possible fuel candidate and, in the meantime, due to its high concentration in C (70.2%–84.1%), low electrical conductivity (0.28 dS m−1–0.47 dS m−1) and the lack of phytotoxicity it is suitable for amendment in agricultural soils and for long term carbon sequestration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/30712
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