We consider the following fractional semilinear Neumann problem on a smooth bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\geq2$, $$\begin{cases} (-\varepsilon\Delta)^{1/2}u+u=u^{p},&\hbox{in}~\Omega,\\ \partial_\nu u=0,&\hbox{on}~\partial\Omega,\\ u>0,&\hbox{in}~\Omega, \end{cases}$$ where $\varepsilon>0$ and $1<p<(n+1)/(n-1)$. This is the fractional version of the semilinear Neumann problem studied by Lin--Ni--Takagi in the late 80's. The problem arises by considering steady states of the Keller--Segel model with nonlocal chemical concentration diffusion. Using the semigroup language for the extension method and variational techniques, we prove existence of nonconstant smooth solutions for small $\varepsilon$, which are obtained by minimizing a suitable energy functional. In the case of large $\varepsilon$ we obtain nonexistence of nonconstant solutions. It is also shown that as $\varepsilon\to0$ the solutions $u_\varepsilon$ tend to zero in measure on $\Omega$, while they form spikes in $\overline{\Omega}$. The regularity estimates of the fractional Neumann Laplacian that we develop here are essential for the analysis. The latter results are of independent interest.

Fractional semilinear Neumann problems arising from a fractional Keller--Segel model

VOLZONE, Bruno
2015

Abstract

We consider the following fractional semilinear Neumann problem on a smooth bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\geq2$, $$\begin{cases} (-\varepsilon\Delta)^{1/2}u+u=u^{p},&\hbox{in}~\Omega,\\ \partial_\nu u=0,&\hbox{on}~\partial\Omega,\\ u>0,&\hbox{in}~\Omega, \end{cases}$$ where $\varepsilon>0$ and $1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/30174
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