Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsGAPD) has been purified 232 fold with an overall recovery of about 25%. The enzyme is a homomeric tetramer with an M(r) of 41 kDa/subunit. It utilizes either NAD(+) or NADP(+) as coenzyme but its affinity for the latter is about 50. fold higher. SsGAPD activity is maximum at 87 degrees C. In the range 45-87 degrees C the Arrhenius plot is linear and the activation energy is 55 kJ/mol. The enzyme is thermostable, with a half-life of 45 min at 87 degrees C. The primary structure of SsGAPD shows 35% identity with that of other archaeal GAPDs. Its N-domain shows sequence motifs typical of the dinucleotide binding proteins while the catalytic C-terminal region contains a cysteine residue (C140), required for catalysis, that is conserved in all the archaeal, eukaryal and bacterial GAPDs. These remarks suggest that archaeal GAPDs show a convergent molecular evolution to the eukaryal and eubacterial enzymes in the catalytic region.

GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE IN THE HYPERTHERMOPHILIC ARCHAEON SULFOLOBUS-SOLFATARICUS - CHARACTERIZATION AND SIGNIFICANCE IN GLUCOSE-METABOLISM

MASULLO, Mariorosario;
1995

Abstract

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsGAPD) has been purified 232 fold with an overall recovery of about 25%. The enzyme is a homomeric tetramer with an M(r) of 41 kDa/subunit. It utilizes either NAD(+) or NADP(+) as coenzyme but its affinity for the latter is about 50. fold higher. SsGAPD activity is maximum at 87 degrees C. In the range 45-87 degrees C the Arrhenius plot is linear and the activation energy is 55 kJ/mol. The enzyme is thermostable, with a half-life of 45 min at 87 degrees C. The primary structure of SsGAPD shows 35% identity with that of other archaeal GAPDs. Its N-domain shows sequence motifs typical of the dinucleotide binding proteins while the catalytic C-terminal region contains a cysteine residue (C140), required for catalysis, that is conserved in all the archaeal, eukaryal and bacterial GAPDs. These remarks suggest that archaeal GAPDs show a convergent molecular evolution to the eukaryal and eubacterial enzymes in the catalytic region.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/28081
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