The Nash equilibrium concept combines two fundamental ideas. First, rational players choose the most preferred strategy given their beliefs about what other players will do. Second, it imposes the consistency condition that all players’ beliefs are correct. This consistency condition has often been considered too strong, and different solution concepts have been introduced in the literature to take into account ambiguous beliefs. In this paper, we show, by means of examples, that in some situation beliefs might be dependent on the strategy profile and that this kind of contingent ambiguity affects equilibrium behavior differently with respect to the existing models of ambiguous games. Hence, we consider a multiple prior approach and subjective beliefs correspondences, which represent an exogenous ability of each player to put restrictions on beliefs over outcomes consistently with the strategy profile; we investigate existence of the equilibrium concepts corresponding to different attitudes toward ambiguity (namely, optimism and pessimism). Finally, we analyze particular beliefs correspondences: beliefs given by correlated equilibria and by ambiguity levels on events.

Beliefs Correspondences and Equilibria in Ambiguous Games

DE MARCO, Giuseppe;
2012

Abstract

The Nash equilibrium concept combines two fundamental ideas. First, rational players choose the most preferred strategy given their beliefs about what other players will do. Second, it imposes the consistency condition that all players’ beliefs are correct. This consistency condition has often been considered too strong, and different solution concepts have been introduced in the literature to take into account ambiguous beliefs. In this paper, we show, by means of examples, that in some situation beliefs might be dependent on the strategy profile and that this kind of contingent ambiguity affects equilibrium behavior differently with respect to the existing models of ambiguous games. Hence, we consider a multiple prior approach and subjective beliefs correspondences, which represent an exogenous ability of each player to put restrictions on beliefs over outcomes consistently with the strategy profile; we investigate existence of the equilibrium concepts corresponding to different attitudes toward ambiguity (namely, optimism and pessimism). Finally, we analyze particular beliefs correspondences: beliefs given by correlated equilibria and by ambiguity levels on events.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/27604
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact