The method of fault position is useful for characterising power-system performance in the presence of voltage dips due to faults. It is based on short-circuit simulations repeated for all the system nodes and for many points along the system lines: fault voltages that are below a preset threshold are the required voltage dips. These dips are stored in so-called dip matrices which contain only the dips in all the system nodes when faults occur at points along the lines. The paper proposes a new compact analytical formulation of dip matrices for balanced and unbalanced faults in terms of bidimensional vector relations and for site- and system-voltage dip indexes. Compact formulations are very useful tools when several sensitivity analyses have to be conducted to estimate variation of site- and system-voltage dip indexes in relation to possible reinforcement and/or compensation devices. Graphical presentation of dip matrices is also proposed as a valuable tool to ascertain the critical area for system performance. Numerical applications to an actual transmission system are presented to demonstrate the easy applicability of the model.

Complete Matrix Formulation of Fault-Position Method for Voltage-Dip Characterization

CARAMIA, Pierluigi;
2007

Abstract

The method of fault position is useful for characterising power-system performance in the presence of voltage dips due to faults. It is based on short-circuit simulations repeated for all the system nodes and for many points along the system lines: fault voltages that are below a preset threshold are the required voltage dips. These dips are stored in so-called dip matrices which contain only the dips in all the system nodes when faults occur at points along the lines. The paper proposes a new compact analytical formulation of dip matrices for balanced and unbalanced faults in terms of bidimensional vector relations and for site- and system-voltage dip indexes. Compact formulations are very useful tools when several sensitivity analyses have to be conducted to estimate variation of site- and system-voltage dip indexes in relation to possible reinforcement and/or compensation devices. Graphical presentation of dip matrices is also proposed as a valuable tool to ascertain the critical area for system performance. Numerical applications to an actual transmission system are presented to demonstrate the easy applicability of the model.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/25540
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