The gene encoding the superoxide dismutase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsSOD) was cloned and sequenced and its expression in Escherichia coli obtained. The chemicophysical properties of the recombinant SsSOD were identical with those of the native enzyme. The recombinant SsSOD possessed a covalent modification of Tyr41, already observed in native SsSOD [Ursby, T., Adinolfi, B.S., Al-Karadaghi, S., De Vendittis, E. & Bocchini, V. (1999) J. Mol. Biol. 286, 189± 205]. HPLC analysis of SsSOD samples prepared from cells treated or not with phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PhCH2SO2F), a protease inhibitor routinely added during the preparation of cell-free extracts, showed that the modification was caused by PhCH2SO2F. Refinement of the crystal model of SsSOD confirmed that a phenylmetha- nesulfonyl moiety was attached to the hydroxy group of Tyr41. PhCH2SO2F behaved as an irreversible inactivator of SsSOD; in fact, the specific activity of both native and recombinant enzyme decreased as the percentage of modification increased. The covalent modification caused by PhCH2SO2F reinforced the heat stability of SsSOD. These results show that Tyr41 plays an important role in the enzyme activity and the maintenance of the structural architecture of SsSOD.

Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride inactivates an archaeal superoxide dismutase by chemical modification of a specific tyrosine residue Cloning, sequencing and expression of the gene coding for Sulfolobus solfataricus superoxide dismutase

MASULLO, Mariorosario;
2001

Abstract

The gene encoding the superoxide dismutase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsSOD) was cloned and sequenced and its expression in Escherichia coli obtained. The chemicophysical properties of the recombinant SsSOD were identical with those of the native enzyme. The recombinant SsSOD possessed a covalent modification of Tyr41, already observed in native SsSOD [Ursby, T., Adinolfi, B.S., Al-Karadaghi, S., De Vendittis, E. & Bocchini, V. (1999) J. Mol. Biol. 286, 189± 205]. HPLC analysis of SsSOD samples prepared from cells treated or not with phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PhCH2SO2F), a protease inhibitor routinely added during the preparation of cell-free extracts, showed that the modification was caused by PhCH2SO2F. Refinement of the crystal model of SsSOD confirmed that a phenylmetha- nesulfonyl moiety was attached to the hydroxy group of Tyr41. PhCH2SO2F behaved as an irreversible inactivator of SsSOD; in fact, the specific activity of both native and recombinant enzyme decreased as the percentage of modification increased. The covalent modification caused by PhCH2SO2F reinforced the heat stability of SsSOD. These results show that Tyr41 plays an important role in the enzyme activity and the maintenance of the structural architecture of SsSOD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/25178
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