Distribution networks are undergoing radical changes due to the high level of penetration of dispersed generation and storage systems. This trend is strongly modifying the structure as well as the management of distribution networks, which are progressively approaching the new concept of microgrids (MGs). Also, the level of penetration of storage systems for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) is increasing significantly due to the significant potential that PEVs have for reducing both emission levels and transportation costs. The inclusion of these vehicles in MGs leads to a series of challenges in grid operation, especially ensuring the provision of services that can improve the operation of distribution networks. This paper deals with MGs, including renewable generation plants and aggregators of PEV fleets connected to the grid through power electronic devices. A multi-objective optimization model is presented for obtaining optimal, coordinated operation of MGs. A multi-objective model was solved using two different methods, i.e., the exponential weighted criterion method and a compromise programming method. Both of these methods appeared to be particularly suitable when computational time is an important issue, as it is in the case of optimal control. The effectiveness of the multi-objective approach was demonstrated with numerical applications to a low-voltage microgrid; other multi-objective model-solving algorithms also were assessed in order to compare their programming complexity and the computational efforts required.

Exponential weighted method and a compromise programming method for multi-objective operation of plug-in vehicle aggregators in microgrids

CARAMIA, Pierluigi;
2014

Abstract

Distribution networks are undergoing radical changes due to the high level of penetration of dispersed generation and storage systems. This trend is strongly modifying the structure as well as the management of distribution networks, which are progressively approaching the new concept of microgrids (MGs). Also, the level of penetration of storage systems for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) is increasing significantly due to the significant potential that PEVs have for reducing both emission levels and transportation costs. The inclusion of these vehicles in MGs leads to a series of challenges in grid operation, especially ensuring the provision of services that can improve the operation of distribution networks. This paper deals with MGs, including renewable generation plants and aggregators of PEV fleets connected to the grid through power electronic devices. A multi-objective optimization model is presented for obtaining optimal, coordinated operation of MGs. A multi-objective model was solved using two different methods, i.e., the exponential weighted criterion method and a compromise programming method. Both of these methods appeared to be particularly suitable when computational time is an important issue, as it is in the case of optimal control. The effectiveness of the multi-objective approach was demonstrated with numerical applications to a low-voltage microgrid; other multi-objective model-solving algorithms also were assessed in order to compare their programming complexity and the computational efforts required.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/23774
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