For a long time jurists point out the “desegregation” of the criminal law system and the loss of the effectiveness of penalties: rarely punishment follows a crime. In the mega-cities, in particular, there is a widespread sense of insecurity; not only for the big crimes but for the frequency of malfeasance. So “micro-criminality” and widespread malfeasance become part of illegal daily life (unauthorised buildings, illegal odd job, traffic, …). Citizens realises the existence of an “informal” settlement to worm one’s way into the borderline of social disease and the core of institutions. In Italy, under pressure of criminal emergency (terrorism, “mafia”, organized crime, corruption, …) the prevention and the fight against malfeasance are only a “practical” problem of police. There isn’t an adequate scientific formulation of the security-good. There isn’t a clear perception of turbulent climax in urban tissue. The European Parliament (December 1993) adopted a “proposal on common criminality in big urban centres and its contact with organised crimes”. The concentration of biggest social tensions in the mega-cities (informal city) makes necessary the creation of direct relationships between local and central authorities (formal cities). This collaboration permits the definition of an innovative town and country control, oriented to afford social marginality not only by violence.

The Urban Security in the “Desegregation” of Criminal Law System

DE VITA, ALBERTO
2000

Abstract

For a long time jurists point out the “desegregation” of the criminal law system and the loss of the effectiveness of penalties: rarely punishment follows a crime. In the mega-cities, in particular, there is a widespread sense of insecurity; not only for the big crimes but for the frequency of malfeasance. So “micro-criminality” and widespread malfeasance become part of illegal daily life (unauthorised buildings, illegal odd job, traffic, …). Citizens realises the existence of an “informal” settlement to worm one’s way into the borderline of social disease and the core of institutions. In Italy, under pressure of criminal emergency (terrorism, “mafia”, organized crime, corruption, …) the prevention and the fight against malfeasance are only a “practical” problem of police. There isn’t an adequate scientific formulation of the security-good. There isn’t a clear perception of turbulent climax in urban tissue. The European Parliament (December 1993) adopted a “proposal on common criminality in big urban centres and its contact with organised crimes”. The concentration of biggest social tensions in the mega-cities (informal city) makes necessary the creation of direct relationships between local and central authorities (formal cities). This collaboration permits the definition of an innovative town and country control, oriented to afford social marginality not only by violence.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/23708
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