The gene (aEF-2) coding for the translation elongation factor 2 (aEF-2) in the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium, Sulfolobus solfataricus, has been cloned and sequenced. The deduced primary structure of aEF-2 is composed of 735 amino acids (aa), excluding the Met start residue. There are no Cys residues and the calculated M(r) is 81,699. In the coding region of aEF-2, the high A + T content greatly influences the codon usage. From the alignment of the primary structure of aEF-2 with that of the analogous factors from the three kingdoms, aa identities were derived. The greatest identity (82%) was found with EF-2 from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius; lower values were observed with other archaebacterial EF-2 (45-47%), eukaryotic EF-2 (38-40%) and with the functional eubacterial analogue EF-G (28-31%). aEF-2 possesses the consensus sequences required for a GTP-binding protein and the four regions which are supposed to be involved in the functional regulation of EF-2/EF-G. These data should have phylogenetic implications.

Cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding thermostable elongation factor 2 in Sulfolobus solfataricus

MASULLO, Mariorosario;
1993

Abstract

The gene (aEF-2) coding for the translation elongation factor 2 (aEF-2) in the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium, Sulfolobus solfataricus, has been cloned and sequenced. The deduced primary structure of aEF-2 is composed of 735 amino acids (aa), excluding the Met start residue. There are no Cys residues and the calculated M(r) is 81,699. In the coding region of aEF-2, the high A + T content greatly influences the codon usage. From the alignment of the primary structure of aEF-2 with that of the analogous factors from the three kingdoms, aa identities were derived. The greatest identity (82%) was found with EF-2 from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius; lower values were observed with other archaebacterial EF-2 (45-47%), eukaryotic EF-2 (38-40%) and with the functional eubacterial analogue EF-G (28-31%). aEF-2 possesses the consensus sequences required for a GTP-binding protein and the four regions which are supposed to be involved in the functional regulation of EF-2/EF-G. These data should have phylogenetic implications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/22173
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