The involvement of protein kinase C and its interaction with interleukin 1 beta in the control of interleukin 6 release by cortical astrocytes was studied. The blockade of protein kinase C catalytic domain, by staurosporine, as well as the desensitization of protein kinase C by short-term phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate pretreatment, increased the basal release of interleukin 6 by rat cortical astrocytes, whereas calphostin C, an antagonist of phorbol ester binding on protein kinase C regulatory domain, did not affect the basal release of the cytokine. The activation of protein kinase C by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate enhanced concentration- and time-dependently interleukin 6 release. This stimulatory action of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was significantly reduced by staurosporine, by calphostin C and by the desensitization of protein kinase C. Interleukin 1 beta increased interleukin 6 release in a concentration-related manner. Protein kinase C inhibition, by staurosporine or desensitization, potentiated severalfold, whereas calphostin C reduced interleukin 1 beta stimulation of interleukin 6 release. The treatment of cortical astrocytes with both interleukin 1 beta (3 ng/ml) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (10 nM) caused a synergistic stimulation of interleukin 6 release and its gene expression, an effect that was not relieved by either 20 nM staurospine or by calphostin C but was slightly affected by protein kinase C desensitization. In conclusion, our data show that in rat cortical astrocytes the basal release of interleukin 6 is under a tonic inhibition exerted by a protein kinase C isoform or isoforms sensitive to blockade by staurosporine and desensitization but insensitive to calphostin C.

Synergistic stimulation of Interleukin 6 release and gene expression by phorbol esters and Interleukin-1 in rat cortical astrocytes: role of protein kinase C activation and blockade

ARCONE, Rosaria;
1995

Abstract

The involvement of protein kinase C and its interaction with interleukin 1 beta in the control of interleukin 6 release by cortical astrocytes was studied. The blockade of protein kinase C catalytic domain, by staurosporine, as well as the desensitization of protein kinase C by short-term phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate pretreatment, increased the basal release of interleukin 6 by rat cortical astrocytes, whereas calphostin C, an antagonist of phorbol ester binding on protein kinase C regulatory domain, did not affect the basal release of the cytokine. The activation of protein kinase C by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate enhanced concentration- and time-dependently interleukin 6 release. This stimulatory action of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was significantly reduced by staurosporine, by calphostin C and by the desensitization of protein kinase C. Interleukin 1 beta increased interleukin 6 release in a concentration-related manner. Protein kinase C inhibition, by staurosporine or desensitization, potentiated severalfold, whereas calphostin C reduced interleukin 1 beta stimulation of interleukin 6 release. The treatment of cortical astrocytes with both interleukin 1 beta (3 ng/ml) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (10 nM) caused a synergistic stimulation of interleukin 6 release and its gene expression, an effect that was not relieved by either 20 nM staurospine or by calphostin C but was slightly affected by protein kinase C desensitization. In conclusion, our data show that in rat cortical astrocytes the basal release of interleukin 6 is under a tonic inhibition exerted by a protein kinase C isoform or isoforms sensitive to blockade by staurosporine and desensitization but insensitive to calphostin C.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/21626
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact