The design of molecules able to interact with the amyloid peptides either as inhibitors of fibril formation or as inhibitors of amyloid membrane pore formation represents one of the most relevant approaches in the development of anti-Alzheimer therapies. Aâ-(25-35), sequence GSNKGAIIGLM, is a highly toxic synthetic derivative of amyloid â-peptides (Aâ-peptides), which forms fibrillary aggregates. Here, we report the NMR and CD investigation of Aâ-(25- 35) in a membrane-mimicking environment and in isotropic mixtures of water and fluoroalcohols to scan its conformational properties as a function of the medium. The analysis of the 3D structures in the mentioned conditions indicates a propensity of the peptide to behave as a typical transmembrane helix in the lipidic environment. In media characterized by different polarity, it loses the structural regularity at specific points of the sequence as a function of the environment. Furthermore, a comparison with the solution structure of full-length amyloid peptides suggests a role for the 25-27 kink region, which appears to be a general feature of all peptides under the solution conditions explored.

New evidences for a structural role of kink region in amyloid beta-peptide

SORRENTINO, Giuseppe;
2004

Abstract

The design of molecules able to interact with the amyloid peptides either as inhibitors of fibril formation or as inhibitors of amyloid membrane pore formation represents one of the most relevant approaches in the development of anti-Alzheimer therapies. Aâ-(25-35), sequence GSNKGAIIGLM, is a highly toxic synthetic derivative of amyloid â-peptides (Aâ-peptides), which forms fibrillary aggregates. Here, we report the NMR and CD investigation of Aâ-(25- 35) in a membrane-mimicking environment and in isotropic mixtures of water and fluoroalcohols to scan its conformational properties as a function of the medium. The analysis of the 3D structures in the mentioned conditions indicates a propensity of the peptide to behave as a typical transmembrane helix in the lipidic environment. In media characterized by different polarity, it loses the structural regularity at specific points of the sequence as a function of the environment. Furthermore, a comparison with the solution structure of full-length amyloid peptides suggests a role for the 25-27 kink region, which appears to be a general feature of all peptides under the solution conditions explored.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/20460
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