The aim of this report is to analyse the effectiveness of the policies implemented to foster entrepreneurship in backward areas. With reference to Southern Italy, these policies are especially examined to investigate job creation and innovations generated by a number of facility laws specifically issued to establish new firms or plants in the above mentioned areas (among them the Laws: 44/1986, now 95/1995, “Extraordinary measures to promote and develop youth entrepreneurship”; 28/1987 “Measures to develop and promote handicraft”; 488/1992 “Measures to promote production activities”; 215/1992 “Positive measures to favour female entrepreneurship”; 341/1995 “Regulations on automatic facilities”; 185/2000 “Incentives to selfentrepreneurship and self-employment”). These laws, involving many beneficiaries and analysed by many scholars to highlight their impact on the development of the Area, have not achieved the expected outcomes. In our opinion, this depends both on some misunderstandings related to the concept of entrepreneurship and the role of the entrepreneur, and on an asymmetric attention paid to the birth of new firms with respect to the enhancement of the existing enterprises.

Aspetti concettuali e metodologici delle politiche per l’imprenditorialità nel Mezzogiorno d’Italia

THOMAS, Antonio
2005

Abstract

The aim of this report is to analyse the effectiveness of the policies implemented to foster entrepreneurship in backward areas. With reference to Southern Italy, these policies are especially examined to investigate job creation and innovations generated by a number of facility laws specifically issued to establish new firms or plants in the above mentioned areas (among them the Laws: 44/1986, now 95/1995, “Extraordinary measures to promote and develop youth entrepreneurship”; 28/1987 “Measures to develop and promote handicraft”; 488/1992 “Measures to promote production activities”; 215/1992 “Positive measures to favour female entrepreneurship”; 341/1995 “Regulations on automatic facilities”; 185/2000 “Incentives to selfentrepreneurship and self-employment”). These laws, involving many beneficiaries and analysed by many scholars to highlight their impact on the development of the Area, have not achieved the expected outcomes. In our opinion, this depends both on some misunderstandings related to the concept of entrepreneurship and the role of the entrepreneur, and on an asymmetric attention paid to the birth of new firms with respect to the enhancement of the existing enterprises.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/20313
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