Leaves from Phytolacca heterotepala H. Walter (Mexican pokeweed) contain at least 10 type 1 RIP isoforms, named heterotepalins. Their Mr values are included in the range 28,000–36,000, as shown by SDS-PAGE performed under reduced conditions and the pI values in the pH range 8.50–9.50. Some heterotepalins are glycosylated. ESI-QTOF mass spectrometry provides the accurate Mr of heterotepalin 4 (29,326.00) and heterotepalin 5b (30,477.00), two isoforms purified to homogeneity by conventional chromatographic techniques. The N-terminal sequences up to residue 35, show that heterotepalins exhibit an high percentage identity with other type 1 RIPs isolated from Phytolaccaceae. Some heterotepalins cross-react with antisera raised against RIPs isolated from Phytolacca dioica leaves. The complete amino acid sequence of heterotepalin 4 matches that of Phytolacca heterotepala anti-viral protein PAP (RIP1), deduced from the cDNA sequence of PhRIP1 gene (AC: AY327475), with one exception concerning residue 245 which, in the native protein, is Ile instead of Met. This substitution, found by mass spectrometry mapping, has been directly confirmed by Edman degradation sequencing of the C-terminal tryptic peptide 242–262. The results show the high potential of mass spectrometry and Edman degradation to verify and to uncover possible amino acid substitutions between native proteins and their cDNA deduced sequences.

Isolation and characterization of heterotepalins, type 1 ribosome-inactivating proteins from Phytolacca heterotepala leaves

CASORIA, PAOLO
2007

Abstract

Leaves from Phytolacca heterotepala H. Walter (Mexican pokeweed) contain at least 10 type 1 RIP isoforms, named heterotepalins. Their Mr values are included in the range 28,000–36,000, as shown by SDS-PAGE performed under reduced conditions and the pI values in the pH range 8.50–9.50. Some heterotepalins are glycosylated. ESI-QTOF mass spectrometry provides the accurate Mr of heterotepalin 4 (29,326.00) and heterotepalin 5b (30,477.00), two isoforms purified to homogeneity by conventional chromatographic techniques. The N-terminal sequences up to residue 35, show that heterotepalins exhibit an high percentage identity with other type 1 RIPs isolated from Phytolaccaceae. Some heterotepalins cross-react with antisera raised against RIPs isolated from Phytolacca dioica leaves. The complete amino acid sequence of heterotepalin 4 matches that of Phytolacca heterotepala anti-viral protein PAP (RIP1), deduced from the cDNA sequence of PhRIP1 gene (AC: AY327475), with one exception concerning residue 245 which, in the native protein, is Ile instead of Met. This substitution, found by mass spectrometry mapping, has been directly confirmed by Edman degradation sequencing of the C-terminal tryptic peptide 242–262. The results show the high potential of mass spectrometry and Edman degradation to verify and to uncover possible amino acid substitutions between native proteins and their cDNA deduced sequences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/20009
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