A thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) has been identified in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (Ss). This enzyme is a homodimeric flavoprotein that was previously identified as NADH oxidase in the same micro-organism (‘Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem. 23 (1996) 47’). The primary structure of SsTrxR is made of 323 amino acid residues and contains two putative bab regions for the binding of FAD, and a NADP(H) binding consensus sequence in the proximity of a CXXC motif. These findings indicate that SsTrxR is structurally related to the class II of the pyridine nucleotide-disulphide oxidoreductases family. Moreover, the enzyme exhibits a NADP(H) dependent thioredoxin reductase activity requiring the presence of FAD. Surprisingly, the reductase activity of SsTrxR is reduced in the presence of a specific inhibitor of mammalian TrxR. This finding demonstrates that the archaeal enzyme, although structurally related to eubacterial TrxR, is functionally closer to eukaryal enzymes. Experimental evidences indicate that a disulphide bridge is required for the reductase but also for the NADH oxidase activity of the enzyme. These results are further supported by the significantly reduced activities exerted by the C147A mutant. The integrity of the CXXC motif is also involved in the stability of the enzyme.

A 35 kDa NAD(P)H oxidase previously isolated from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus is instead a thioredoxin reductase

MASULLO, M
2004

Abstract

A thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) has been identified in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (Ss). This enzyme is a homodimeric flavoprotein that was previously identified as NADH oxidase in the same micro-organism (‘Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem. 23 (1996) 47’). The primary structure of SsTrxR is made of 323 amino acid residues and contains two putative bab regions for the binding of FAD, and a NADP(H) binding consensus sequence in the proximity of a CXXC motif. These findings indicate that SsTrxR is structurally related to the class II of the pyridine nucleotide-disulphide oxidoreductases family. Moreover, the enzyme exhibits a NADP(H) dependent thioredoxin reductase activity requiring the presence of FAD. Surprisingly, the reductase activity of SsTrxR is reduced in the presence of a specific inhibitor of mammalian TrxR. This finding demonstrates that the archaeal enzyme, although structurally related to eubacterial TrxR, is functionally closer to eukaryal enzymes. Experimental evidences indicate that a disulphide bridge is required for the reductase but also for the NADH oxidase activity of the enzyme. These results are further supported by the significantly reduced activities exerted by the C147A mutant. The integrity of the CXXC motif is also involved in the stability of the enzyme.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/16072
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