The principal modifiable risk factors for stroke are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolaemia, hyperhomocysteinaemia, smoking and limited physical activity. However, it is not clear whether physical inactivity is a risk factor per se, or because it predisposes to pathological conditions that are risk factors for stroke. The limited availability of effective therapeutic approaches for stroke emphasizes the crucial role of prevention of risk factors. The global burden associated with type 2 diabetes is large and continues to grow. Convincing epidemiologic data support the role of physical activity in preventing type 2 diabetes. The increasing evidence of physical activity in preventing diabetic complications, including stroke, has generated interest in the molecular basis underlying these beneficial effects. The aim of the present review is to discuss the biological mechanisms underlying the effect of physical activity in preventing stroke in type 2 diabetes.

Biological mechanisms of stroke prevention by physical activity in type 2 diabetes

AGOSTI, VALERIA;SORRENTINO, Giuseppe
2009

Abstract

The principal modifiable risk factors for stroke are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolaemia, hyperhomocysteinaemia, smoking and limited physical activity. However, it is not clear whether physical inactivity is a risk factor per se, or because it predisposes to pathological conditions that are risk factors for stroke. The limited availability of effective therapeutic approaches for stroke emphasizes the crucial role of prevention of risk factors. The global burden associated with type 2 diabetes is large and continues to grow. Convincing epidemiologic data support the role of physical activity in preventing type 2 diabetes. The increasing evidence of physical activity in preventing diabetic complications, including stroke, has generated interest in the molecular basis underlying these beneficial effects. The aim of the present review is to discuss the biological mechanisms underlying the effect of physical activity in preventing stroke in type 2 diabetes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/15654
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