In this paper we analysed the ozone time series data collected by the local monitoring network in the Naples urban area (southern Italy) during the spring/summer period of 1996. Our aim was to identify a reliable and effective model that could be used for the real-time forecasting of photosmog episodes. We studied the applicability of seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average models with some exogenous variables (ARIMAX) to our case study. The choice of exogenous variables - temperature, [NO2]/[NO] ratio and wind speed - was based on physical reasoning. The forecasting performance of all models was evaluated with data not used in model development, by means of an array of statistical indices: the comparison between observed and forecast means and standard deviations; intercept and slope of a least squares regression of forecast variable on observed variable; mean absolute and root mean square errors; and 95% confidence limits of forecast variable. The assessment of all models was also based on their tendency to forecast critical episodes. It was found that the model using information from the temperature data set to predict peak ozone levels gives satisfactory results, about 70% of critical episodes being correctly predicted by the 24 h ahead forecast function.

Real time forecasting of photosmog episodes: the Naples case study

;
2001

Abstract

In this paper we analysed the ozone time series data collected by the local monitoring network in the Naples urban area (southern Italy) during the spring/summer period of 1996. Our aim was to identify a reliable and effective model that could be used for the real-time forecasting of photosmog episodes. We studied the applicability of seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average models with some exogenous variables (ARIMAX) to our case study. The choice of exogenous variables - temperature, [NO2]/[NO] ratio and wind speed - was based on physical reasoning. The forecasting performance of all models was evaluated with data not used in model development, by means of an array of statistical indices: the comparison between observed and forecast means and standard deviations; intercept and slope of a least squares regression of forecast variable on observed variable; mean absolute and root mean square errors; and 95% confidence limits of forecast variable. The assessment of all models was also based on their tendency to forecast critical episodes. It was found that the model using information from the temperature data set to predict peak ozone levels gives satisfactory results, about 70% of critical episodes being correctly predicted by the 24 h ahead forecast function.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/15004
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact