Detiled geological mapping carried out in the Picentini Mountains, Southern Apennines, Italy, allowed to reconstruct the geometry of the fold and thrust belt in this region. Contractional structures were formed during multiple episodes of ENE to NNE shortening and were cut during later extension by low- and high-angle normal faults. Based on timing of emplacement and geometrical relationships between thrust units, we worked out a kinematic model of thrust tectonics. Basinal (Sicilid and Lagonegro) units were thrust eastward onto a carbonate-platform-basin system (CPBS) starting in the Serravallian-Torto- nian, and were in turn overridden by the CPBS units by means of deeper decollement thrusts. Later contraction, starting from late Tortonian-Messinian times, built up a 15-km-thick antifonnal stack during SSW-NNE shortening. We applied the forward kinematic model of thrust imbrication to perform a qualitative palinspastic restoration of a regional cross-section through this area, based on published interpreted seismics and other subsurface data. The thrust tectonics of the Picentini Mountains and more northward regions was controlled in the internal sectors mostly by envelopment thrusting of carbonate platform thrust sheets, which formerly were the floor complex of the Tortonian thrust belt, while multiple progressive decollement of the basinal roof complex occurred in the external part of the belt. Shallow crustal extension on low-angle faults with transport direction oblique to orthogonal to contractional transport was responsible for contemporaneous thinning during the accretion of the antiformal stack at deeper structural levels.

Thrust tectonics in the Picentini Mountains, Southern Apennines (Italy)

Pappone Gerardo;
1995

Abstract

Detiled geological mapping carried out in the Picentini Mountains, Southern Apennines, Italy, allowed to reconstruct the geometry of the fold and thrust belt in this region. Contractional structures were formed during multiple episodes of ENE to NNE shortening and were cut during later extension by low- and high-angle normal faults. Based on timing of emplacement and geometrical relationships between thrust units, we worked out a kinematic model of thrust tectonics. Basinal (Sicilid and Lagonegro) units were thrust eastward onto a carbonate-platform-basin system (CPBS) starting in the Serravallian-Torto- nian, and were in turn overridden by the CPBS units by means of deeper decollement thrusts. Later contraction, starting from late Tortonian-Messinian times, built up a 15-km-thick antifonnal stack during SSW-NNE shortening. We applied the forward kinematic model of thrust imbrication to perform a qualitative palinspastic restoration of a regional cross-section through this area, based on published interpreted seismics and other subsurface data. The thrust tectonics of the Picentini Mountains and more northward regions was controlled in the internal sectors mostly by envelopment thrusting of carbonate platform thrust sheets, which formerly were the floor complex of the Tortonian thrust belt, while multiple progressive decollement of the basinal roof complex occurred in the external part of the belt. Shallow crustal extension on low-angle faults with transport direction oblique to orthogonal to contractional transport was responsible for contemporaneous thinning during the accretion of the antiformal stack at deeper structural levels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/14844
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