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|Titolo:||Choline acetyltransferase-like activity bound to neuronal plasma membranes|
|Autori interni:||SORRENTINO, Giuseppe|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1988|
|Abstract:||A form of CAT-like activity was found bound present in rat brain synaptosomal membranes which could be recovered in the Triton X-114 phase. The enzyme activity was slightly activated by NaCl, had a pH maximum around 8 and showed a temperature dependence with a Q10 of 2.28. It was inhibited 100% by 10(-6) M naphthyl vinyl pyridinium but not by 10(-5) M diisopropyl phosphofluoridate. The kinetics of this bound form of CAT were similar to the soluble form of the enzyme. The Km was 405 +/- 58 microM for choline and 62 +/- 8 microM for AcCoA. Five isoelectric forms were found with pH's of 4.55, 6.05, 7.05, 7.36, and 8.00 which is in contrast to the three isoelectric forms found of the soluble enzyme in rat brain. The presence of a CAT-like activity in the plasma membrane was confirmed with experiments performed using intact synaptosomes and intact cells in culture. Acetylcholine, synthesized from radioactive AcCoA by intact rat brain synaptosomes, was recovered in the incubation medium and only in the presence of exogenous choline or when the production of choline was stimulated by oleate via the activation of phospholipase D. This was also seen in experiments with intact pheochromocytoma cell cultures (PC 12) which synthesize acetylcholine that was recovered in the incubation medium. Acetylcholine formation in the presence of choline and AcCoA was stimulated in cells that had been grown in the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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