Hyperspectral (HS) pansharpening has received a growing interest in the last few years as testified by a large number of research papers and challenges. It consists in a pixel-level fusion between a lower resolution HS datacube and a higher resolution single-band image, the panchromatic (PAN) image, with the goal of providing an HS datacube at PAN resolution. Due to their powerful representational capabilities, deep learning models have succeeded to provide unprecedented results on many general-purpose image processing tasks. However, when moving to domain-specific problems, as in this case, the advantages with respect to traditional model-based approaches are much lesser clear-cut due to several contextual reasons. Scarcity of training data, lack of ground truth (GT), and data shape variability are some such factors that limit the generalization capacity of the state-of-the-art deep learning networks for HS pansharpening. To cope with these limitations, in this work, we propose a new deep learning method, which inherits a simple single-band unsupervised pansharpening model nested in a sequential band-wise adaptive scheme, where each band is pansharpened refining the model tuned on the preceding one. By doing so, a simple model is propagated along the wavelength dimension, adaptively and flexibly, with no need to have a fixed number of spectral bands, and, with no need to dispose of large, expensive, and labeled training datasets. The proposed method achieves very good results on our datasets, outperforming both traditional and deep learning reference methods. The implementation of the proposed method can be found at https://github.com/giuguarino/R-PNN.

Band-Wise Hyperspectral Image Pansharpening Using CNN Model Propagation

Scarpa, G
2024-01-01

Abstract

Hyperspectral (HS) pansharpening has received a growing interest in the last few years as testified by a large number of research papers and challenges. It consists in a pixel-level fusion between a lower resolution HS datacube and a higher resolution single-band image, the panchromatic (PAN) image, with the goal of providing an HS datacube at PAN resolution. Due to their powerful representational capabilities, deep learning models have succeeded to provide unprecedented results on many general-purpose image processing tasks. However, when moving to domain-specific problems, as in this case, the advantages with respect to traditional model-based approaches are much lesser clear-cut due to several contextual reasons. Scarcity of training data, lack of ground truth (GT), and data shape variability are some such factors that limit the generalization capacity of the state-of-the-art deep learning networks for HS pansharpening. To cope with these limitations, in this work, we propose a new deep learning method, which inherits a simple single-band unsupervised pansharpening model nested in a sequential band-wise adaptive scheme, where each band is pansharpened refining the model tuned on the preceding one. By doing so, a simple model is propagated along the wavelength dimension, adaptively and flexibly, with no need to have a fixed number of spectral bands, and, with no need to dispose of large, expensive, and labeled training datasets. The proposed method achieves very good results on our datasets, outperforming both traditional and deep learning reference methods. The implementation of the proposed method can be found at https://github.com/giuguarino/R-PNN.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/127098
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