Background: Paratesticular tumors (PTs) are very uncommon, accounting for almost 5% of intrascrotal tumors. Of these, adenomatoid tumors (ATs) represent about 30% and most frequently arise in the tail of the epididymis. Ultrasound (US) examination is the first-choice imaging method employed for the evaluation of the scrotum. Unfortunately, there are no specific US-imaging features useful for distinguishing an AT from a malignant lesion. To increase diagnostic accuracy and confidence, new sonographic techniques have incorporated real-time tissue elastography (RTE) under the assumption that malignant lesions are “harder” than benign lesions. Case report: In our paper, we describe a very rare case of a 60-year-old patient with a giant paratesticular mass mimicking malignancy when examined using RTE, i.e., it was stiffer than the surrounding tissue (a hard pattern), which, upon histologic examination, was identified as an AT. Discussion: Our case underscores that there is also a significant overlap between different types of scrotal lesions when RTE is used for examination. Thus, if a PT is found, the imaging approach should always be supplemented with more definitive diagnostic methods, such as FNAC or FNAB, which are the only diagnostic methods capable of leading to a certain diagnosis. Conclusions: Alongside underlining the importance of pre-operative imaging for making correct diagnoses and selecting the correct therapy, we wish to draw our readers’ attention to this report in order to demonstrate the clinical implications of a giant AT presenting as stiff lesions when examined using SE.
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