In this paper, a deep learning technique for tumor detection in a microwave tomography framework is proposed. Providing an easy and effective imaging technique for breast cancer detection is one of the main focuses for biomedical researchers. Recently, microwave tomography gained a great attention due to its ability to reconstruct the electric properties maps of the inner breast tissues, exploiting nonionizing radiations. A major drawback of tomographic approaches is related to the inversion algorithms, since the problem at hand is nonlinear and ill-posed. In recent decades, numerous studies focused on image reconstruction techniques, in same cases exploiting deep learning. In this study, deep learning is exploited to provide information about the presence of tumors based on tomographic measures. The proposed approach has been tested with a simulated database showing interesting performances, in particular for scenarios where the tumor mass is particularly small. In these cases, conventional reconstruction techniques fail in identifying the presence of suspicious tissues, while our approach correctly identifies these profiles as potentially pathological. Therefore, the proposed method can be exploited for early diagnosis purposes, where the mass to be detected can be particularly small.
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