Employment represents an important lever to achieve both the social inclusion of an individual as well as higher levels of social sustainability. Some countries have implemented quota systems which establishes a conditioned labor demand to favor the access to labor for disadvantaged people as well as those with disabilities. These quotas are often adjusted according to the employer’s size or type of industry. The study analyzes the efficiency of quota system implemented in Italy for job seekers with disabilities. Then, the role of regional social capital endowment is investigated in the application of this type of employment policy. The achievement of a high (low) regional performance (Nuts-2 level) in the creation of employment is assessed through the Data Envelopment Analysis, using the information provided by the National Institute of Statistics and the Institute for the Development of Professional Training of Workers, for the years 2006-2011. The results show a territorial dualism in the matching process performances over the years and highlight how social capital endowment also contributes to explaining this persistent efficiency gap among the macro areas.

Does social capital improve the efficiency of the quota system for disabled persons? Evidence from Italy

Katia Marchesano
;
Antonio Garofalo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Employment represents an important lever to achieve both the social inclusion of an individual as well as higher levels of social sustainability. Some countries have implemented quota systems which establishes a conditioned labor demand to favor the access to labor for disadvantaged people as well as those with disabilities. These quotas are often adjusted according to the employer’s size or type of industry. The study analyzes the efficiency of quota system implemented in Italy for job seekers with disabilities. Then, the role of regional social capital endowment is investigated in the application of this type of employment policy. The achievement of a high (low) regional performance (Nuts-2 level) in the creation of employment is assessed through the Data Envelopment Analysis, using the information provided by the National Institute of Statistics and the Institute for the Development of Professional Training of Workers, for the years 2006-2011. The results show a territorial dualism in the matching process performances over the years and highlight how social capital endowment also contributes to explaining this persistent efficiency gap among the macro areas.
978-989-54164-5-5
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/111877
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