Objective To evaluate women's awareness about and attendance to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs in an area of Southern Italy, and to investigate related potential determinants. Methods The survey was conducted among women through a self-administered questionnaire. Results Overall, only 20.3% of respondents knew the three cancer screening tests offered to women and this knowledge, at the multivariate logistic regression analysis, resulted to be significantly higher in women who knew the two most common cancers in females, in those who were graduated, had a personal or family history of cancer, and had been informed about cancer prevention by physicians. Only 29.2% of women had ever undergone FOBT, 25% for screening purposes and, of these, 76.4% in the previous 2 years. Among those who had never undergone FOBT, 28.9% reported they had not been invited to attend, 34.5% that the test had not been prescribed by anyone, and 19.1% had no time to undergo. The results of the multivariate logistic regression model revealed that significant determinants of having undergone FOBT for screening purposes were having undergone mammography, having at least one chronic disease, not reporting alcohol consumption and having been informed about cancer screening by physicians. Conclusion Our findings have revealed a concerning low awareness about and adherence to CRC screening in women and have highlighted the fundamental role of healthcare workers and of enabling factors in the decision process. Interventions should be directed to increasing awareness, and to promote cancer prevention screening pathways more centered on women's health needs and convenience.

Screening for colorectal cancer: awareness and adherence among Italian women

Pelullo C. P.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective To evaluate women's awareness about and attendance to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs in an area of Southern Italy, and to investigate related potential determinants. Methods The survey was conducted among women through a self-administered questionnaire. Results Overall, only 20.3% of respondents knew the three cancer screening tests offered to women and this knowledge, at the multivariate logistic regression analysis, resulted to be significantly higher in women who knew the two most common cancers in females, in those who were graduated, had a personal or family history of cancer, and had been informed about cancer prevention by physicians. Only 29.2% of women had ever undergone FOBT, 25% for screening purposes and, of these, 76.4% in the previous 2 years. Among those who had never undergone FOBT, 28.9% reported they had not been invited to attend, 34.5% that the test had not been prescribed by anyone, and 19.1% had no time to undergo. The results of the multivariate logistic regression model revealed that significant determinants of having undergone FOBT for screening purposes were having undergone mammography, having at least one chronic disease, not reporting alcohol consumption and having been informed about cancer screening by physicians. Conclusion Our findings have revealed a concerning low awareness about and adherence to CRC screening in women and have highlighted the fundamental role of healthcare workers and of enabling factors in the decision process. Interventions should be directed to increasing awareness, and to promote cancer prevention screening pathways more centered on women's health needs and convenience.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/111699
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