GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) receivers are not only able to accurately determine position, but also velocity, knowledge of which could be important in several applications. The most adopted technique for velocity estimation exploits the Doppler shift due to the relative motion between the signal source and the receiver. Alternatively, the TDCP (Time-Differenced Carrier Phase) technique, based on the differences between consecutive carrier-phase measurements, can be used. TDCP is theoretically able to achieve better performance compared with the Doppler-based approach, exploiting the high precision of a carrier-phase observable, and without suffering the ambiguity issue. The main objective of this study is to analyze TDCP performance on a smartphone GNSS chip. Smartphones GNSS receivers are usually characterized by noisy observables owing to the low quality of the antenna used; it is, therefore, interesting to compare the smartphone TDCP performance with that of the Doppler-based technique. To evaluate the benefits that TDCP can provide, especially in terms of the smartphone chip, these two approaches to velocity determination are compared using three different devices: a Novatel geodetic receiver, a u-blox multi-frequency receiver, and a Xiaomi Mi8 smartphone. The results demonstrate a performance degradation in the smartphone GNSS chip when TDCP is used, compared with the performance of higher-grade receivers. In fact, the Xiaomi Mi8 maximum errors are greater than those of the Novatel geodetic receiver, but they are still acceptable as they do not exceed 6 cm/s, making the TDCP technique a valid approach for advanced algorithms; indeed, TDCP velocity demonstrates a few mm/s accuracy with a smartphone. The application of a RAIM algorithm enables error reduction and the achievement of reliable information; the obtained solution reliability is about 89%.

Time-Differenced Carrier Phase Technique for Precise Velocity Estimation on an Android Smartphone

Cappello G.;Del Pizzo S.;Gaglione S.
2022-01-01

Abstract

GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) receivers are not only able to accurately determine position, but also velocity, knowledge of which could be important in several applications. The most adopted technique for velocity estimation exploits the Doppler shift due to the relative motion between the signal source and the receiver. Alternatively, the TDCP (Time-Differenced Carrier Phase) technique, based on the differences between consecutive carrier-phase measurements, can be used. TDCP is theoretically able to achieve better performance compared with the Doppler-based approach, exploiting the high precision of a carrier-phase observable, and without suffering the ambiguity issue. The main objective of this study is to analyze TDCP performance on a smartphone GNSS chip. Smartphones GNSS receivers are usually characterized by noisy observables owing to the low quality of the antenna used; it is, therefore, interesting to compare the smartphone TDCP performance with that of the Doppler-based technique. To evaluate the benefits that TDCP can provide, especially in terms of the smartphone chip, these two approaches to velocity determination are compared using three different devices: a Novatel geodetic receiver, a u-blox multi-frequency receiver, and a Xiaomi Mi8 smartphone. The results demonstrate a performance degradation in the smartphone GNSS chip when TDCP is used, compared with the performance of higher-grade receivers. In fact, the Xiaomi Mi8 maximum errors are greater than those of the Novatel geodetic receiver, but they are still acceptable as they do not exceed 6 cm/s, making the TDCP technique a valid approach for advanced algorithms; indeed, TDCP velocity demonstrates a few mm/s accuracy with a smartphone. The application of a RAIM algorithm enables error reduction and the achievement of reliable information; the obtained solution reliability is about 89%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/111456
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