This paper provides an overview of the different deep convolutional neural network (DCNNs) architectures that have been investigated in the past years for the generation of synthetic computed tomography (CT) or pseudo-CT from magnetic resonance (MR). The U-net, the Atrous-net and the Residual-net architectures were analyzed, implemented and compared. Each network was implemented using 2D filters and 3D filters with 2D slices and 3D patches respectively as inputs. Two datasets were used for training and evaluation. The first one is composed by pairs of 3D T1-weighted MR and Low-dose CT images from the head of 19 healthy women. The second database contains dual echo Dixon-VIBE MR images and CT images from the pelvis of 13 colorectal and 6 prostate cancer patients. Bone structures in the target anatomy were key in choosing the right deep learning approach. This work provides a deep explanation of the architectures in order to know which DCNN fits better each medical application. According to this study, the 3D U-net architecture would be the best option to generate head pseudo-CTs while the 2D Residual-net provides the most accurate results for the pelvis anatomy.

How To Pseudo-CT: A Comparative Review of Deep Convolutional Neural Network Architectures for CT Synthesis

Catalano, Onofrio A.;Mazzeo, Filomena;Soricelli, Andrea;Salvatore, Marco;
2022

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the different deep convolutional neural network (DCNNs) architectures that have been investigated in the past years for the generation of synthetic computed tomography (CT) or pseudo-CT from magnetic resonance (MR). The U-net, the Atrous-net and the Residual-net architectures were analyzed, implemented and compared. Each network was implemented using 2D filters and 3D filters with 2D slices and 3D patches respectively as inputs. Two datasets were used for training and evaluation. The first one is composed by pairs of 3D T1-weighted MR and Low-dose CT images from the head of 19 healthy women. The second database contains dual echo Dixon-VIBE MR images and CT images from the pelvis of 13 colorectal and 6 prostate cancer patients. Bone structures in the target anatomy were key in choosing the right deep learning approach. This work provides a deep explanation of the architectures in order to know which DCNN fits better each medical application. According to this study, the 3D U-net architecture would be the best option to generate head pseudo-CTs while the 2D Residual-net provides the most accurate results for the pelvis anatomy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/111076
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