Eddy covariance measurements of aerosol fluxes were performed above an oak-hornbeam forest in the Po Plain (Northern Italy), from February to May and from September to December 2019. Measurements aimed at assessing the influence of forest phenology and leaf presence/absence on the seasonal evolution of size-segregated aerosol fluxes. The size-resolved aerosol concentration in the range 0.006-10 μm was sampled with a 14-stage impactor (ELPI+, Dekati, FI), and the filters exposed in May were subjected to chemical analysis. Over the whole sampling period, the forest removed from the atmosphere an average of 3.12 mg of aerosol m−2 d−1. The direction and the intensity of the aerosol fluxes were not constant through the year, as a strong seasonal and size-dependent variability emerged. In particular, leaf-presence drove a net deposition of the accumulation mode aerosol (100 nm< particle diameter Dp<1000 nm) and an emission of the Aitken (10 nm< Dp<100 nm) and coarse mode (Dp>1000 nm) aerosols. On the contrary, in absence of leaves all the sub-micrometer aerosol size-classes showed net daily upward fluxes, while coarse mode aerosol fluxes were prevalently downward. Monthly averages of deposition velocities of Aitken and accumulation mode aerosols correlated with the Leaf Area Index (LAI) seasonal trend, thus indicating an important role of the amount of the leaf surface area on the deposition and emission of these size-classes. Furthermore, an influence of the stomatic activity was suggested for the Aitken mode aerosol, since its deposition velocity followed the same diel course of the stomatal conductance to water. The analysis of the influence of meteorological parameters on aerosol deposition velocities highlighted that dynamic and convective turbulence (described by friction velocity, u* and Deardorff velocity, w*) enhanced the vertical aerosol exchanges, both upward and downward, while the approaching of condensing conditions reduced the flux intensities.

Seasonal variation of size-resolved aerosol fluxes in a Peri-urban deciduous broadleaved forest

Riccio, Angelo;Chianese, Elena;
2022

Abstract

Eddy covariance measurements of aerosol fluxes were performed above an oak-hornbeam forest in the Po Plain (Northern Italy), from February to May and from September to December 2019. Measurements aimed at assessing the influence of forest phenology and leaf presence/absence on the seasonal evolution of size-segregated aerosol fluxes. The size-resolved aerosol concentration in the range 0.006-10 μm was sampled with a 14-stage impactor (ELPI+, Dekati, FI), and the filters exposed in May were subjected to chemical analysis. Over the whole sampling period, the forest removed from the atmosphere an average of 3.12 mg of aerosol m−2 d−1. The direction and the intensity of the aerosol fluxes were not constant through the year, as a strong seasonal and size-dependent variability emerged. In particular, leaf-presence drove a net deposition of the accumulation mode aerosol (100 nm< particle diameter Dp<1000 nm) and an emission of the Aitken (10 nm< Dp<100 nm) and coarse mode (Dp>1000 nm) aerosols. On the contrary, in absence of leaves all the sub-micrometer aerosol size-classes showed net daily upward fluxes, while coarse mode aerosol fluxes were prevalently downward. Monthly averages of deposition velocities of Aitken and accumulation mode aerosols correlated with the Leaf Area Index (LAI) seasonal trend, thus indicating an important role of the amount of the leaf surface area on the deposition and emission of these size-classes. Furthermore, an influence of the stomatic activity was suggested for the Aitken mode aerosol, since its deposition velocity followed the same diel course of the stomatal conductance to water. The analysis of the influence of meteorological parameters on aerosol deposition velocities highlighted that dynamic and convective turbulence (described by friction velocity, u* and Deardorff velocity, w*) enhanced the vertical aerosol exchanges, both upward and downward, while the approaching of condensing conditions reduced the flux intensities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11367/110376
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