The Kuroshio Extension (KE) shifts between elongated and convoluted states on interannual to decadal time scales. The nature of this low frequency variability (LFV) is still under debate since it is known to be driven by intrinsic oceanic mechanisms, but it is also synchronized with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). In this analysis we present the results from two present-climate coupled simulations performed with the CMCC-CM2 model under the CMIP6 HighResMIP protocol and differing only by their atmospheric component resolution. The impact of increased atmospheric resolution on the KE LFV is assessed inspecting several aspects: the KE bimodality, the large-scale variability and the air–sea interactions. The KE LFV and the teleconnection mechanism that connects the KE and the PDO are well captured by both configurations. However, higher atmospheric resolution favors the occurrence of the elongated state and leads to a more realistic PDO representation. Moreover, both simulations qualitatively capture the signatures of atmosphere-driven and ocean-driven regimes over the North Pacific Ocean, even if the higher resolution induces an excessively strong ocean–atmosphere coupling that leads to an overestimation of the air–sea feedbacks. This work highlights that the small scale atmospheric variability (resolution lower than 1°) does not substantially contribute to improve the realism of the KE LFV, but causes significant differences in the air–sea interaction over the KE region likely related to the strengthening of the coupling. The eddy-permitting ocean resolution shared by both configurations is likely responsible for the degree of realism exhibited by the simulated KE LFV in the two analyzed simulations.

Decadal variability of the Kuroshio Extension: the response of the jet to increased atmospheric resolution in a coupled ocean–atmosphere model

Pierini S.
2021

Abstract

The Kuroshio Extension (KE) shifts between elongated and convoluted states on interannual to decadal time scales. The nature of this low frequency variability (LFV) is still under debate since it is known to be driven by intrinsic oceanic mechanisms, but it is also synchronized with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). In this analysis we present the results from two present-climate coupled simulations performed with the CMCC-CM2 model under the CMIP6 HighResMIP protocol and differing only by their atmospheric component resolution. The impact of increased atmospheric resolution on the KE LFV is assessed inspecting several aspects: the KE bimodality, the large-scale variability and the air–sea interactions. The KE LFV and the teleconnection mechanism that connects the KE and the PDO are well captured by both configurations. However, higher atmospheric resolution favors the occurrence of the elongated state and leads to a more realistic PDO representation. Moreover, both simulations qualitatively capture the signatures of atmosphere-driven and ocean-driven regimes over the North Pacific Ocean, even if the higher resolution induces an excessively strong ocean–atmosphere coupling that leads to an overestimation of the air–sea feedbacks. This work highlights that the small scale atmospheric variability (resolution lower than 1°) does not substantially contribute to improve the realism of the KE LFV, but causes significant differences in the air–sea interaction over the KE region likely related to the strengthening of the coupling. The eddy-permitting ocean resolution shared by both configurations is likely responsible for the degree of realism exhibited by the simulated KE LFV in the two analyzed simulations.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/102133
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact