Sensor fault detection and isolation (SFDI) is a fundamental topic in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) development, where attitude estimation plays a key role in flight control systems and its accuracy is crucial for UAV reliability. In commercial drones with low maximum take-off weights, typical redundant architectures, based on triplex, can represent a strong limitation in UAV payload capabilities. This paper proposes an FDI algorithm for low-cost multi-rotor drones equipped with duplex sensor architecture. Here, attitude estimation involves two 9-DoF inertial measurement units (IMUs) including 3-axis accelerometers, gyroscopes and magnetometers. The SFDI algorithm is based on a particle filter approach to promptly detect and isolate IMU faulted sensors. The algorithm has been implemented on a low-cost embedded platform based on a Raspberry Pi board. Its effectiveness and robustness were proved through experimental tests involving realistic faults on a real tri-rotor aircraft. A sensitivity analysis was carried out on the main algorithm parameters in order to find a trade-off between performance, computational burden and reliability.

A particle filtering approach for fault detection and isolation of uav imu sensors: Design, implementation and sensitivity analysis

D'amato E.
;
2021

Abstract

Sensor fault detection and isolation (SFDI) is a fundamental topic in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) development, where attitude estimation plays a key role in flight control systems and its accuracy is crucial for UAV reliability. In commercial drones with low maximum take-off weights, typical redundant architectures, based on triplex, can represent a strong limitation in UAV payload capabilities. This paper proposes an FDI algorithm for low-cost multi-rotor drones equipped with duplex sensor architecture. Here, attitude estimation involves two 9-DoF inertial measurement units (IMUs) including 3-axis accelerometers, gyroscopes and magnetometers. The SFDI algorithm is based on a particle filter approach to promptly detect and isolate IMU faulted sensors. The algorithm has been implemented on a low-cost embedded platform based on a Raspberry Pi board. Its effectiveness and robustness were proved through experimental tests involving realistic faults on a real tri-rotor aircraft. A sensitivity analysis was carried out on the main algorithm parameters in order to find a trade-off between performance, computational burden and reliability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/101283
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