Accurate coastline position is of fundamental importance for many applications concerning coastal zone monitoring, management, and planning. For example, coastal erosion phenomena require a careful and continuous monitoring due to the dynamic nature of the coastline which can undergo sudden and significant changes in position and shape over time. Various techniques allow acquiring the coastline, among these the use of multispectral optical sensors operating from satellites is one of the most widespread. With the advent of high and very high geometric resolution (VHR) satellites, it is possible to obtain images with a pixel size of less than 1 m that allow extracting accurate coastlines. The purpose of this article is to define a fast approach to investigate the degree of accuracy of one of the most popular techniques for the automatic extraction of the coastline, based on the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) use. In this study, the coastline is achieved from VHR Pléiades imagery (2 m for multispectral and 0.5 m for panchromatic). Therefore, NDWI is obtained and processed both from initial images and pan-sharpened images. The resulting coastlines are submitted to smoothing and their accuracy is therefore evaluated. For this purpose, a reference coastline is manually achieved from panchromatic image. Two different methods are proposed for coastline accuracy evaluation, both based on the geometrical analysis of the polygons generated by the intersection between the extracted coastline and the reference one. This study demonstrates that the proposed methods permit to easily evaluate the accuracy of the extracted coastline; in addition, the results confirm the effectiveness of NDWI and highlight the limited benefits of pan-sharpened images for this index application.

Accuracy evaluation for coastline extraction from Pléiades imagery based on NDWI and IHS pan-sharpening application

Alcaras E.;Falchi U.;Parente C.
;
Vallario A.
2022

Abstract

Accurate coastline position is of fundamental importance for many applications concerning coastal zone monitoring, management, and planning. For example, coastal erosion phenomena require a careful and continuous monitoring due to the dynamic nature of the coastline which can undergo sudden and significant changes in position and shape over time. Various techniques allow acquiring the coastline, among these the use of multispectral optical sensors operating from satellites is one of the most widespread. With the advent of high and very high geometric resolution (VHR) satellites, it is possible to obtain images with a pixel size of less than 1 m that allow extracting accurate coastlines. The purpose of this article is to define a fast approach to investigate the degree of accuracy of one of the most popular techniques for the automatic extraction of the coastline, based on the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) use. In this study, the coastline is achieved from VHR Pléiades imagery (2 m for multispectral and 0.5 m for panchromatic). Therefore, NDWI is obtained and processed both from initial images and pan-sharpened images. The resulting coastlines are submitted to smoothing and their accuracy is therefore evaluated. For this purpose, a reference coastline is manually achieved from panchromatic image. Two different methods are proposed for coastline accuracy evaluation, both based on the geometrical analysis of the polygons generated by the intersection between the extracted coastline and the reference one. This study demonstrates that the proposed methods permit to easily evaluate the accuracy of the extracted coastline; in addition, the results confirm the effectiveness of NDWI and highlight the limited benefits of pan-sharpened images for this index application.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11367/100573
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